Article

Multiple Roles and Well-being: Sociodemographic and Psychological Moderators

Sex Roles (Impact Factor: 1.47). 12/2006; 55(11):801-815. DOI: 10.1007/s11199-006-9134-8

ABSTRACT Research on multiple roles has supported the enhancement hypothesis, but it is unclear if benefits of multiple role involvement
exist across all segments of the population. This study was designed to examine whether the role enhancement hypothesis suits
both men and women with varied education levels. A further goal was to determine if perceived control moderates associations
between multiple role involvement and well-being. This sample included 2,634 individuals from the Midlife in the United States
(MIDUS) survey who occupied up to eight roles each. Psychological well-being was measured in six dimensions (autonomy, environmental
mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance); positive and negative affect
were also measured. Results of hierarchical regression analyses supported the role enhancement hypothesis, as greater role
involvement was associated with greater well-being; however, the findings suggest that it was only well educated women with
multiple roles who showed higher levels of autonomy. Perceived control was also found to moderate some of the obtained linkages.

1 Follower
 · 
90 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Investigations of self-acceptance are critical to understanding the development and maintenance of psychological health. However, valid and reliable instruments for measuring self-acceptance in persons with early blindness have yet to be developed. The current research describes three studies designed to develop and validate the Self-acceptance Scale for Persons with Early Blindness (SAS-EB). In Study 1, we developed the initial item pool. Thirty-three items were generated, based on data from specialized literature and from 2 focus groups. Items were organized in a three-factor structure, theoretically predicted for SAS-EB - (1) body acceptance, (2) self-protection from social stigmas, and (3) feeling and believing in one’s capacities. In Study 2, information obtained from a panel of 9 experts and 22 persons with early blindness representing the target population was used to refine the initial item pool, generating a new pool of 27 items. In Study 3, 318 persons with early blindness (141 women and 177 men), between 18 and 60 years of age (M = 37.74 years, SD = 12.37) answered the new pool of 27 items. After the elimination of 9 items using confirmatory factor analysis, we confirmed the theoretical three-factor structure of the SAS-EB. Study 3 also provided support for the scale’s internal consistency and construct validity. Finally, the psychometric properties of the SAS-EB, its utility, and its limitations are discussed along with considerations for future research.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e106848. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0106848 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that occupying multiple roles, as a worker, a partner, and a parent, is associated with higher levels of well-being. Yet, because these studies have been based on predominantly heterosexual samples, it is unclear whether this pattern extends to gay men and lesbians or varies by sexual orientation. This study, which uses pooled data from a probability sample of U.S. adults (N = 18,187), begins to fill the void. Results suggest that for sexual minorities as well as heterosexuals, occupying multiple roles is positively associated with well-being; however, the findings suggest that differences exist across gendered sexual orientation groups in both the extent and strength of the associations. There also are differences across these groups in the importance of different role combinations in relation to well-being. Results are discussed in light of traditional role theory and in terms of contextual factors related to sexual orientation.
    Journal of GLBT Family Studies 07/2013; 9(4):305-329. DOI:10.1080/1550428X.2013.799417
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Close and caring relationships are undeniably linked to health and well-being at all stages in the life span. Yet the specific pathways through which close relationships promote optimal well-being are not well understood. In this article, we present a model of thriving through relationships to provide a theoretical foundation for identifying the specific interpersonal processes that underlie the effects of close relationships on thriving. This model highlights two life contexts through which people may potentially thrive (coping successfully with life’s adversities and actively pursuing life opportunities for growth and development), it proposes two relational support functions that are fundamental to the experience of thriving in each life context, and it identifies mediators through which relational support is likely to have long-term effects on thriving. This perspective highlights the need for researchers to take a new look at social support by conceptualizing it as an interpersonal process with a focus on thriving.
    Personality and Social Psychology Review 08/2014; · 7.55 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
3 Downloads
Available from