DNA damage down-regulates ΔNp63α and induces apoptosis independent of wild type p53

Center for Growth, Metabolism and Aging, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, PR China.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.28). 05/2012; 423(2):338-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.05.126
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The tumor suppressor p53 is pivotal in cell growth arrest and apoptosis upon cellular stresses including DNA damage. Mounting evidence indicates that p63 proteins, which are homologs of p53, are also involved in apoptosis under certain circumstances. In this study, we found that treatment with DNA damage agents leads to down-regulation of ΔNp63α and induces apoptosis in FaDu and HaCat cells carrying mutant p53. Further study shows that DNA damage reduces steady-state mRNA level of ΔNp63α, but has little effect on its protein stability. In addition, knockdown of endogenous ΔNp63α directly induces apoptosis and sensitizes cells to DNA damage, while exogenous expression of ΔNp63α partially confers cellular resistance to DNA damage. Together, these data suggest that DNA damage down-regulates ΔNp63α, which may directly contribute to DNA damage-induced apoptosis.

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