CD10 and HHF35 actin in the differential diagnosis between Collagenous Spherulosis and Adenoid-Cystic Carcinoma of the breast

Department of Sciences for Health Promotion, Section of Anatomic Pathology, University of Palermo, Italy.
Pathology - Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.4). 05/2012; 208(7):405-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2012.05.002
Source: PubMed


Collagenous Spherulosis (CS) and Adenoid-Cystic Carcinoma (AdCC) of the breast consist of cribriform proliferations of epithelial and myoepithelial cells with an immunophenotypic overlap of some myoepithelial markers, such as p63 and smooth muscle actin (SMA). To our knowledge, CD10 and HHF35 actin have not been assessed in the differential diagnosis of these two breast lesions. We performed an immunohistochemical study on 6 cases of CS and 9 cases of AdCC. We found CD10, muscle-specific actin (HHF35), Estrogen and Progesterone receptors (ER and PR) to be strongly expressed in CS, but not in AdCC; C-kit was diffusely positive in AdCC and scanty in CS; SMA, p63 and Cytokeratine 5/6 (CK5/6) were positive in both. Our results also confirm that AdCC could be true basal-like neoplasia, probably arising from a basal stem line tending to divergent differentiation toward CK5/6/C-kit+, ER/PR-, epithelial basal-like cell type, and toward a myoepitelial-like cell type, with an incomplete SMA/p63+, CD10/HHF35- immunophenotype. By contrast, CS is a reactive, benign proliferation of two well-differentiated cell types: epithelial (ER/PR+, C-kit-) and myoepithelial cells with a complete immunophenotype including CD10/HHF35 positivity. Our study highlights the usefulness of CD10 and HHF35 in the differential diagnosis and helps to understand the histogenesis of the two lesions.

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the morphological features, immunohistochemical phenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of collagenous spherulosis of the breast. Clinicopathologic observation, immunohistochemistry using EnVision method and histochemical staining were applied in 33 cases of collagenous spherulosis of the breast. Collagenous spherulosis of the breast was a benign lesion, consisting of proliferative myoepithelial and ductal epithelial cells. These cells were arranged in a cribriform pattern with esinophilic, round, oval or star-shaped fibrillary spherules in the lumen.SMA, calponin and p63 by immunohistochemistry identified the proliferative myoepithelium, while E-cadherin identified the proliferative ductal epithelial cells. The esinophilic spherules were stained with collagen type IV, AB-PAS and reticulin. Collagenous spherulosis was often found in sclerosing adenosis. Collagenous spherulosis of the breast is often associated with other diseases. It has special morphological presentation and is easily confused with malignant tumors such as adenoid cystic carcinoma or cribriform carcinoma in situ, and needs to be differentiated from these disease entities.
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