Extensive interactions between eating and weight disorder, major depression, pain, and sarcoidosis

Abteilung für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universitätsklinik Tübingen.
DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (Impact Factor: 0.55). 06/2012; 137(23):1267. DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1305070
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report on a 41-year-old female patient suffering from obesity, binge eating more than twice a week with loss of control, eating rapidly and feeling guilty after eating, dyspnoea and chronic pain in the whole body, especially in her arms, legs and in both ankles. Furthermore, subdued mood, loss of interest and pleasure, fatigue and impaired concentration could be recognized. In the past, weight increase had been observed when corticosteroids were given against exacerbations of sarcoidosis.
In the case of our patient, the beginning of sarcoidosis and increase of weight and pain correlated with augmentation of depression and psychosocial stress. Dysfunctional behavioral features and multiple interactions between diseases could be observed.
We diagnosed obesity, binge eating disorder, major depression, chronic pain disease with somatic and psychical components and sarcoidosis. The patient was treated in a multimodal therapy program including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and psychopharmacotherapy, nutritionist advice and therapeutic exercise. A weight loss of 7.9 kg (5.9 %), well-balanced diet, reduction of binge eating and of pain intensity, mood stabilization as well as perception and expression of emotions and coping strategies in chronic diseases were achieved.
Interdisciplinary treatment of patients suffering from psychosomatic, somatic and mental diseases is crucial for a good outcome.

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