Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Relieves Pain and Improves Function More Than Total Knee Arthroplasty

Center for Hip and Knee Replacement, New York–Presbyterian Hospital at Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.
The Journal of arthroplasty (Impact Factor: 2.37). 05/2012; 27(8 Suppl):99-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2012.03.044
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study compared outcomes as assessed by 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) between patients who underwent unicompartmental (UKA) and patients who underwent total knee (TKA) arthroplasty. We prospectively collected preoperative demographic and SF-12 and WOMAC data on 128 TKAs and 70 UKAs. Postoperatively, SF-12 and WOMAC outcomes were recorded during annual follow-up visits. At baseline, patients who underwent UKA had a higher Charlson Comorbidity Index than patients who underwent TKA; otherwise, preoperative characteristics were similar. At a mean follow-up of 3.0 years for UKA and 2.9 years for TKA, patients who underwent UKA reported higher SF-12 physical component and mental component scores and WOMAC pain/stiffness/physical function scores (confirmed with multivariate analysis). Furthermore, patients who underwent UKA had significantly larger improvements in both SF-12 outcomes and WOMAC pain and physical function scores from baseline than did patients who underwent TKA.

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Available from: William Macaulay, Aug 23, 2015
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