Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis.

Department of Dermatology, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
The Scientific World Journal (Impact Factor: 1.22). 01/2012; 2012:312463. DOI: 10.1100/2012/312463
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder in which proinflammatory cytokines including IL-6 and TNF-α increase both locally and systematically. It is thought that chronic inflammation results in metabolic diseases and proinflammatory cytokines give rise to the development of atherogenesis, peripheral insulin resistance, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis vulgaris.
Study consisted of 115 plaque-type psoriasis patients and 140 healthy individuals. Data including body weight, height, waist circumference, body-mass index, and arterial blood pressure were collected. Fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, and HDL levels were determined. International Diabetes Federation Criteria for Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance were used for evaluating patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Compared to the control group, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension were found to be higher in psoriasis patients. Metabolic syndrome was increased by 3-folds in psoriasis patients and was more prevalent in women than in men. It was determined that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was higher in psoriasis patients after the age of 40. Metabolic syndrome was not related to smoking, severity of psoriasis, and duration of disease.
Our findings suggest that psoriasis preconditions occurrence of a group of diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. For this reason, patients with psoriasis should be treated early and they should be followed with respect to metabolic diseases.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have suggested that obesity, hyperlipidemia, ischemic heart diseases, metabolic syndrome and hypertension can combine with psoriasis. However, the metabolic comorbidities have not been clearly demonstrated in Korean psoriasis patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between psoriasis and metabolic abnormalities including obesity, glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia in our center. Treatment response of cyclosporine between a high body mass index (BMI) group and normal BMI group was also analyzed to investigate how obesity may affect psoriasis treatment. A retrospective observational study was made on the obesity and metabolic status of psoriasis patients versus normal control group through electronic medical records from January 2008 to April 2009 at Department of Dermatology, Samsung Medical Center, (Seoul, Korea). Medical records, demographics and the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score before and after cyclosporine treatment were analyzed. There were no significant differences in the metabolic status between normal control and psoriasis patients. Also, there was no significant difference in the treatment response between high BMI group and normal BMI group, after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of cyclosporine treatment. Our study suggests that in Korean patients, an association between psoriasis and metabolic abnormalities is not obvious. This may reflect a different severity of obesity and metabolic abnormalities between Western and Asian populations.
    Annals of Dermatology 11/2013; 25(4):440-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis patients are at increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome (MS). Proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 that are increased in the psoriatic plaques are known to contribute to features of MS such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance.
    Indian dermatology online journal. 04/2014; 5(2):132-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis compared to controls. However, little attention has been paid to the effect of systemic anti-psoriatic drugs on the metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psoriasis and the metabolic syndrome, by comparing untreated patients with psoriasis and population based control. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study that included 122 untreated patients with plaque psoriasis and 122 age- and gender-matched controls. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome between the patients with psoriasis (24.6 %) and the controls (22.9 %) (OR 1.095, 95 % CI 0.607-1.974). Among the components of the metabolic syndrome only hypertriglyceridemia and abdominal obesity were associated with psoriasis. The psoriatic patients with metabolic syndrome had a higher mean age (p = 0.001), and higher mean BMI (p = 0.001) compared with the psoriatic patients without metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome was not associated with the severity of psoriasis. Untreated patients with psoriasis have no significantly higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome than healthy controls. Our data suggest that systemic antipsoriatic drugs may play an important role in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome.
    Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft 12/2013; 11(12):1169-1175. · 1.40 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 31, 2014