Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is an effective way of managing elderly women with advanced stage ovarian cancer (FIGO Stage IIIC and IV)
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: To compare outcomes in women ≥ age 70 who receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) followed by cytoreductive surgery with those undergoing upfront cytoreductive surgery followed by the same chemotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed for women ≥ age 70 with Stage IIIC or Stage IV EOC from 1996 to 2009. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients who underwent upfront cytoreductive surgery and 42 patients who received NACT were eligible for analysis. Patients receiving NACT were significantly more likely to have Stage IV disease (P = 0.004). Cytoreduction to no macroscopic disease was achieved in 71.4% of women who received NACT and 28.1% of women undergoing upfront surgery (P < 0.001). NACT patients had significantly less blood loss at surgery (P = 0.01), required fewer small bowel resections (P = 0.009), had shorter ICU stays (P = 0.02) and fewer hospital days (P = 0.04). NACT patients experienced a trend toward an improved progression-free survival (P = 0.078); however, no statistically significant differences were found in either the progression-free or overall survival analyses. CONCLUSION: NACT is associated with reduced perioperative morbidity in elderly patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer. J. Surg. Oncol © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
SourceAvailable from: Nicholas Abt[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) is increasingly being used in patients with breast cancer, and evidence-based reports related to its independent effects on morbidity after mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction are limited.08/2014; 149(10). DOI:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1076
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Approximately 70% of women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) are diagnosed with advanced stage disease, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The standard approach to treating patients with advanced EOC remains primary debulking surgery (PDS) followed by chemotherapy. EOC is one of the most sensitive of all solid tumors to cytotoxic drugs, with over 80% of women showing a response to standard chemotherapy combined with taxane and platinum. Furthermore, residual disease is a major prognostic factor for survival. On the basis of the clinical features, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS) is considered to be an alternative treatment option to standard treatment in patients unable to undergo complete resection during PDS. Noninferiority of NACT-IDS to PDS has been demonstrated in some randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses. NACT would also lead to improved quality of life (QOL) of patients, however there are still problems to be solved in the treatment strategy. The uncertainty of perioperative visual assessment of tumor dissemination after NACT has been reported. In addition, several papers have shown the possibility that NACT induces platinum resistance. Furthermore, a notable risk associated with NACT is that patients with significant side effects and refractory disease will lose the opportunity for debulking surgery. Appropriate selection of the patient cohort for NACT is an important issue. Bevacizumab (Bev) is active in patients with advanced EOC. However, the use of Bev is not recommended in the neoadjuvant setting. Bev has a specific adverse event profile that needs to be considered, especially for surgical management, such as gastrointestinal perforation, hemorrhage, and thromboembolic events. NACT could be an alternative treatment option in patients with stage III or IV EOC. However, further studies are needed to clarify the precise role of NACT in the management of advanced EOC.11/2014; 6(6):293-304. DOI:10.1177/1758834014544891
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nearly half of all women diagnosed with breast or ovarian cancer are age 65 years or older with the number of women diagnosed expected to increase as the population ages and life expectancy improves. Older women are less likely to be offered standard cancer treatments, are more likely to develop higher toxicity, and have higher mortality. Chronologic age should not be the only factor used for making treatment decisions. Functional dependence, organ function, comorbidity, polypharmacy, social support, cognitive and/or psychosocial factors, overall life expectancy, and patient's goals of care are equally vital and should be assessed before and during treatment. In this review, current evidence and treatment guidelines for older women with breast or ovarian cancer are outlined.Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2014; 32(24). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.55.3073 · 17.88 Impact Factor