Preservation Versus Division of Ilioinguinal Nerve on Open Mesh Repair of Inguinal Hernia: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
ABSTRACT Chronic groin pain after inguinal hernia repair, a serious problem, is caused by entrapment of the ilioinguinal nerve either by mesh or development of fibrosis. Division of the ilioinguinal nerve during hernioplasty has been found to reduce the incidence of chronic groin pain. However, the traditional approach favors preservation of the ilioinguinal nerve during open hernia repair.
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared the outcomes of preservation versus division of the ilioinguinal nerve during open mesh repair of inguinal hernia. The primary outcome was the incidence of groin pain; secondary outcomes were numbness and sensory loss.
We reviewed six trials with 1,286 patients. We found no difference between the groups for the incidence of groin pain or numbness at 1, 6, and 12 months after open mesh inguinal repair. The incidence of sensory loss or change was significantly higher in the division group than in the preservation group at 6 months [risk ratio (RR) 1.25; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.53] and at 12 months (RR 1.55; 95 % CI 1.01-2.37) postoperatively. No significant differences between the groups were noted at any other points in time.
Preservation of the ilioinguinal nerve during open mesh repair of inguinal hernia is associated with a decreased incidence of sensory loss at 6 and 12 months postoperatively compared with that of the division technique. No significant differences were found between the groups for chronic groin pain or numbness.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to review the latest evidence on operative and perioperative management of patients with groin hernia. A literature review of medical databases was undertaken. Recent scientific evidence provided by quality reports was selected and discussed critically. The Shouldice repair results in low recurrence rates compared to other tissue reconstructions. However, mesh repairs are superior to tissue reconstruction in terms of recurrence. Lichtenstein's technique remains the gold standard, with low incidence of hernia recurrence and minimal morbidity. Endoscopic techniques have been popularized during the past decades, as alternative approaches to open surgery. Both transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP) and the totally extraperitoneal repair (TEP) are effective in the treatment of groin hernia, although the steep learning curve precludes popularization and may account for increased perioperative morbidity. Groin hernia surgery remains an evolving field of investigation. Mesh application remains the mainstay of durable results. Individual patient factors and hernia characteristics need to be taken into account when considering the most appropriate surgical practice.Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 05/2014; · 1.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In 2009, the European Hernia Society published the EHS Guidelines for the Treatment of Inguinal Hernia in Adult Patients. The Guidelines contain recommendations for the treatment of inguinal hernia from diagnosis till aftercare. The guidelines expired January 1, 2012. To keep them updated, a revision of the guidelines was planned including new level 1 evidence.The original Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine ranking was used. All relevant level 1A and level 1B literature from May 2008 to June 2010 was searched (Medline and Cochrane) by the Working Group members. All chapters were attributed to the two responsible authors in the initial guidelines document. One new chapter on fixation techniques was added. The quality was assessed by the Working Group members during a 2-day meeting and the data were analysed, especially with respect to any change in the level and/or text of any of the conclusions or recommendations of the initial guidelines. In the end, all relevant references published until January 1, 2013 were included. The final text was approved by all Working Group members.For the following topics, the conclusions and/or recommendations have been changed: indications for treatment, treatment of inguinal hernia, day surgery, antibiotic prophylaxis, training, postoperative pain control and chronic pain. The addendum contains all current level 1 conclusions, Grade A recommendations and new Grade B recommendations based on new level 1 evidence (with the changes in bold).Despite the fact that the Working Group responsible for it tried to represent most kinds of surgeons treating inguinal hernias, such general guidelines inevitably must be fitted to the daily practice of every individual surgeon treating his/her patients. There is no doubt that the future of guideline implementation will strongly depend on the development of easy to use decision support algorithms tailored to the individual patient and on evaluating the effect of guideline implementation on surgical outcome. At the 35th International Congress of the EHS in Gdansk, Poland (May 12–15, 2013), it was decided that the EHS, IEHS and EAES will collaborate from now on with the final goal to publish new joint guidelines, most likely in 2015.Hernia 04/2014; · 1.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Open inguinal hernia repair is one of the most painful procedures in day surgery. A continuous ambulatory analgesic is thought to reduce postoperative pain when it is applied to the surgical site. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of local anesthetic infusion pump following open inguinal hernia repair for the reduction of postoperative pain. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have investigated the outcomes of using an infusion pump for delivering a local anesthetic contrasted to a control group for open inguinal hernia repair. Pain was assessed from Day 1 to Day 5 following the surgery. The secondary outcomes included analgesia use and postoperative complications. We reviewed 5 trials that totaled 288 patients. The analgesic effects of bupivacaine (4 trials) and ropivacaine (one trial) were compared with a placebo group. The pooled mean difference in the score measuring the degree of pain diminished significantly at Day 1 to Day 4 in the experimental group. Two studies have reported that the number of analgesics required also decreased in the experimental group. No bupivacaine-related complication was reported. Our results revealed that applying a local anesthetic infusion pump following inguinal hernia repairs was more efficacious for reducing postoperative pain than a placebo. However, the findings were based on a small body of evidence in which methodological quality was not high. The potential benefits of applying a local anesthetic infusion pump to hernia repair must still be adequately investigated using further RCTs.International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 01/2014; · 1.44 Impact Factor