Enhancement of antibody-induced arthritis via Toll-like receptor 2 stimulation is regulated by granulocyte reactive oxygen species.
ABSTRACT The suppressive role of phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX2) complex-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in adaptive immunity-driven arthritis models is well established. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of NOX2 complex-derived ROS in a model of innate immunity-driven arthritis and to identify the ROS-regulated innate receptors that control arthritis. We used collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA), which is a T and B lymphocyte-independent model of the effector phase of arthritis and is induced by well-defined monoclonal arthritogenic antibodies and enhanced by injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). CAIA was induced in both wild-type and Ncf1 mutant mice that lack phagocyte oxidative burst, and stimulated with LPS and other agents to activate innate immune responses. We found that both LPS and lipomannan enhanced CAIA more potently in the presence of functional phagocyte ROS production than in its absence. The ROS-dependent enhancement of CAIA was regulated by TLR2, but not by TLR4 stimulation, and was driven by granulocytes, whereas macrophages did not contribute to the phenotype. In addition, we report that collagen-induced arthritis was not affected by the functionality of the TLR4. We report that TLR2 signaling as an important ROS-regulated proinflammatory pathway leads to severe neutrophil-dependent inflammation in murine CAIA and conclude that the TLR2 pathway is modulated by phagocyte ROS to stimulate the development of arthritis.
- SourceAvailable from: Kutty Selva Nandakumar[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transfer of collagen type II (CII)-specific monoclonal antibodies induces an acute form of arthritis (collagen type II antibody-induced arthritis, CAIA) in naïve mice. Arthritis was induced using a pair of monoclonal antibodies M2139 and CIIC1, binding to J1 and C1(I) epitopes of CII, respectively. Thereafter, lipopolysaccharide injection was used to increase the incidence and severity of the disease. This model was used to investigate the effect of genes, age, and sex as well as effector cells in the end-stage effector phase of arthritis pathogenesis. Injection of a single monoclonal antibody induced arthritis only after lipopolysaccharide stimulation. CAIA showed differences in disease penetration among the susceptible strains indicating the importance of non-major histocompatibility complex genes on the antibody effector pathway. B-cell-deficient mice were susceptible to CAIA and in some genetic backgrounds B-cell deficiency leads to enhanced arthritis. Histology of the affected paws revealed massive infiltrations of neutrophils along with bone and cartilage erosion, pannus formation, and fibrin deposition. Depletion of neutrophils significantly reduced the incidence and severity of the disease. CAIA susceptibility increased with age. Males were more susceptible than females and estrogen treatment decreased the development of arthritis. We conclude that CAIA is an acute arthritis triggered by antibody binding and neutrophils bypassing immune activation but with many characteristics in common with collagen-induced arthritis.American Journal Of Pathology 11/2003; 163(5):1827-37. · 4.52 Impact Factor