TFF1 inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of gastric cancer cells in vitro.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200065, China.
Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences / Udruzenje basicnih mediciniskih znanosti = Association of Basic Medical Sciences (Impact Factor: 0.44). 05/2012; 12(2):74-81.
Source: PubMed


Trefoil Factor Family (TFF) plays an essential role in the intestinal epithelial restitution, but the relationship between TFF1 and gastric cancer (GC) is still unclear. The present study aimed to determine the role of TFF1 in repairing gastric mucosa and in the pathogenesis of GC. The TFF1 expression in different gastric mucosas was measured with immunohistochemistry. Then, siRNA targeting TFF1 or plasmids expressing TFF1 gene were transfected into BGC823 cells, SGC7901 cells and GES-1 cells. The cell proliferation was detected with MTT assay and apoptosis and cell cycle measured by flow cytometry. From normal gastric mucosa to mucosa with dysplasia and to gastric cancer, the TFF1 expression had a decreasing trend. Down-regulation of TFF1 expression significantly reduced the apoptosis of three cell lines and markedly facilitated their proliferation but had no significant effect on cell cycle. Over-expression of TFF1 could promote apoptosis of three cell lines and inhibit proliferation but had no pronounced effect on cell cycle. TFF1 can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of GC cells in vitro.

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    • "In a mouse model, loss of TFF1 promotes gastric dysplasia and adenocarcinoma [3, 8, 9]. Previous studies have shown that TFF1 inhibits growth and promotes apoptosis in gastric cancer cells [11, 12]. However, the mechanism by which TFF1 exerts these effects is still unclear. "
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