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Hypertension effects on p73 expression in the rat circumventricular organs and cerebrospinal fluid

ABSTRACT It has been reported that spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) show ventricular dilation, changes in CSF proteins and variations in the circumventricular organs (CVO) such as: the subcommissural organ (SCO), the subfornical organ (SFO) and the area postrema (AP) which are located in the walls of the third and fourth ventricles. On the other hand, p73 proteins are pre-sent in cells of the central nervous system (CNS) such as circumventricular structures and the neuroepithe-lium which are altered in ventricular dilation. The purpose of the present work is to study the TAp73 isoform expression in the circumventricular organs (CVO) and their variations in ventricular dilatation and arterial hypertension. Brains and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from control Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and SHR were used. The paraffin sections containing the CVO were immunohistochemically processed with anti-TAp73 and by western blot, p73 bands in the CSF and circumventricular organ extract were also identi-fied. The western blot study showed bands marked with p73 in the CSF and CVO, the p73 band expres-sion was bigger in the SHR than in the WKY rats. We also found stronger markings in the SFO, SCO and AP of the hypertensive rats than in the WKY rats. It could be concluded that hypertension in the SHR produces alterations in the relationship between the p73 protein, circumventricular structures and CSF.

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May 20, 2014