Hypertension effects on p73 expression in the rat circumventricular organs and cerebrospinal fluid
ABSTRACT It has been reported that spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) show ventricular dilation, changes in CSF proteins and variations in the circumventricular organs (CVO) such as: the subcommissural organ (SCO), the subfornical organ (SFO) and the area postrema (AP) which are located in the walls of the third and fourth ventricles. On the other hand, p73 proteins are pre-sent in cells of the central nervous system (CNS) such as circumventricular structures and the neuroepithe-lium which are altered in ventricular dilation. The purpose of the present work is to study the TAp73 isoform expression in the circumventricular organs (CVO) and their variations in ventricular dilatation and arterial hypertension. Brains and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from control Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and SHR were used. The paraffin sections containing the CVO were immunohistochemically processed with anti-TAp73 and by western blot, p73 bands in the CSF and circumventricular organ extract were also identi-fied. The western blot study showed bands marked with p73 in the CSF and CVO, the p73 band expres-sion was bigger in the SHR than in the WKY rats. We also found stronger markings in the SFO, SCO and AP of the hypertensive rats than in the WKY rats. It could be concluded that hypertension in the SHR produces alterations in the relationship between the p73 protein, circumventricular structures and CSF.
SourceAvailable from: Agustín Castañeyra-Perdomo
Dataset: HH-28-925-932-2013 (1)
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ABSTRACT: The p73 proteins are present in different kinds of cells of the central nervous system, such as the choroid plexus, circumventricular structures and neuroepithelium. It has been reported that spontaneously hypertensive rats show ventricular dilation, changes in cerebrospinal fluid proteins and variations in the circumventricular structures such as the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis and the choroid plexus, which are altered in ventricular dilation. The aim of the present work is to study p73 expression in the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis and the choroid plexus and its variations in high blood pressure. Brains from control Wistar-Kyoto rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats were used. The organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis and the choroid plexus were processed by immunohistochemistry and western blot with anti-TAp73. We found weaker markings in the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis and stronger markings in the choroid plexus of the hypertensive than the control rats. Therefore, hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rats produces alterations in choroid plexus protein p73 expression that is similar to that described for other circumventricular organs, but it is different in the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis. We can conclude that the functional balance between p73, organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis and choroid plexus, which is probably necessary to maintain the normal functioning of these structures, is altered by the hypertension found in these ratsHistology and histopathology 01/2013; 28. · 2.24 Impact Factor
Dataset: Carmona-Calero HH-2013