Off-label use of recombinant factor VIIa in pediatric patients.

Transfusion Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
PEDIATRICS (Impact Factor: 5.3). 05/2012; 129(6):e1533-40. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-2561
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine off-label recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) use in pediatric patients including clinical indications, dose, adverse events, and outcomes.
All pediatric patients entered into the Haemostasis Registry from 75 participating hospitals were analyzed.
Three hundred and eighty-eight pediatric patients received off-label rFVIIa from 2003 to 2009. Median age was 12 months (interquartile range 1 month to 11 years). Clinical context included cardiac surgery (52.1%), medical (11.6%), other surgery (10.8%), hematology/oncology (10.3%), trauma (9.3%), intracranial hemorrhage (3.1%), and liver disease (2.8%). Twenty-six patients received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at the time of rFVIIa administration. Median first dose was 114 μg/kg (interquartile range 90-181; range 7-2250). Thirty-four percent received >1 dose. There was a reduction in usage of red blood cells, platelets, fresh-frozen plasma, and cryoprecipitate in the 24 hours after the first dose for all patients (all P values < .001). Thromboembolic adverse events (TEAs) were reported in 5.4%. No association between TEA and size of first dose was found. Where data were available, 82% of patients were subjectively classified as responding to rFVIIa. Overall 28-day mortality was 27%. In multivariate analysis, pH values before administration and clinical context were independently associated with response to first dose and 28-day mortality.
There was a significant reduction in blood product administration after rFVIIa and a subjective response rate of 82%. Both pH and clinical context were associated with response to rFVIIa and mortality. Overall, 5.4% had a TEA reported.

  • Annales francaises d'anesthesie et de reanimation 09/2013; · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated efficacy and safety of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in nonhemophilia children with life-threatening or severe bleeding. Using data from the SeveNBleeP registry, we analyzed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and treatment data for children who received rFVIIa to treat severe hemorrhage. The SeveNBleeP registry was international registry formed in 2005, to collect information on the use of rFVIIa in the off-label setting of severe bleeding in nonhemophilia patients. There were 191 patient records entered into this registry, of which 164 were validated. Of the 164 records, in 137 patient records, rFVIIa was used for treatment of bleeding episodes. Of these 137 treatment episodes, 42 were in neonates and infants under 1 year of age. Use of rFVIIa significantly improved laboratory parameters (prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, activated partial thromboplastin time, hematocrit), reduced estimated blood loss, and reduced requirements for blood products (packed red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma) in those more than 1 year of age. There was no significant reduction in requirements for blood products after rFVIIa administration in the neonates and infants, but there was a trend to lower frequency of FFP use after rFVIIa administration. There was one thromboembolic event in an infant that was related to administration of rFVIIa. No other serious adverse events were reported that were related to administration of rFVIIa. In nonhemophilia-associated bleeding in children, rFVIIa appears to be safe and efficacious in reducing estimated blood loss in children over 1 year of age, although its effectiveness in infants below 1 year of age was less clear.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 01/2014; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are limited data on the relationship between the administered dose of recombinant factor seven (rFVIIa) and the development of adverse clinical outcomes after congenital heart surgery. This single institution case series reports on dosing, adverse events, and blood product usage after the administration of rFVIIa in this patient population. A retrospective review identified 16 consecutive pediatric patients at an academic, free-standing, children’s hospital who received rFVIIa to curtail bleeding following congenital heart surgery between April 2004 and June 2012. Patients were assessed for survival to hospital discharge versus in-hospital mortality and the presence or absence of a major neurological event during inpatient hospitalization. The median age at surgery was 6.8 months (range: 3 days-42 years). Seven patients (44%) survived to hospital discharge and nine patients (56%) died. The cause of mortality included major neurological events (44%), uncontrolled bleeding (33%), and sepsis (23%). Eight patients (50%) required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support following congenital heart surgery. The median cumulative rFVIIa dose administered was 97 mcg/kg, and the median cumulative amount of blood products administered was 452 ml/kg. In conclusion, this case series underscores the need to prospectively evaluate the effect that rFVIIa has on patient survival and the incidence of adverse events, including thrombotic and major neurological events, in congenital heart surgery patients. Ideally, a randomized, multicenter study would provide the sufficient numbers of patients and events to test these relationships.
    Journal of the Saudi Heart Association 05/2014;


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Jun 20, 2014