Sustained Remission of Multicentric Castleman Disease in Children Treated with Tocilizumab, an Anti-Interleukin-6 Receptor Antibody

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Rheumatology, National Referral Centre of Auto-Inflammatory Diseases, CEREMAI, CHU de Biĉetre, le Kremlin Biĉetre, France.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 5.68). 05/2012; 11(8):1623-6. DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-11-0972
Source: PubMed


Multicentric Castleman Disease (MCD) is an idiopathic lymphoproliferative disorder, reported exceptionally in children and generally believed to be an autoinflammatory disease resulting in an increase of interleukin-6 secretion. Previous studies in adult patients suggested a beneficial role of the anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab on the clinical and biologic disease manifestations of MCD. Here, we describe the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab in two children with MCD, which was diagnosed on the basis of clinical and histologic findings. In both cases, tocilizumab was administered intravenously at a dose of 8 mg/kg every 2 weeks. The tocilizumab treatment alleviated fever and restored growth rate in both patients. The patients' hypergammaglobulinemia, high C-reactive protein, and high erythrocyte sedimentation rates normalized simultaneously. Nevertheless, splenomegaly persisted in the first patient, and a secondary hepatic node appeared in the second patient. The side effects, essentially sustained thrombocytopenia, were mild in both cases. For the first patient, following an initial 10-month period, the interval between infusions was increased. This patient benefited from sustained remission for a period of 3 years. Tocilizumab was effective and safe in these two children with MCD.

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    • "Rituximab has been used in HIV-and/or HHV8- positive MCD patients (G erard et al, 2007, 2012). Anti-interleukin 6 (IL6) receptor antibodies have long been used for MCD treatment (Galeotti et al, 2012; Nagao et al, 2014). The humanized anti-IL6 monoclonal antibody, siltuximab, was recently proven to be effective against MCD in a randomized multi-centre clinical trial (van Rhee et al, 2014) and has now been approved for use in MCD patients in US and Europe (Markham & Patel, 2014). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study retrospectively collected the clinical and laboratory data of 114 patients with Castleman disease (CD) from a single medical centre. Clinical classification identified 62 patients (54·4%) with unicentric Castleman disease and 52 (45·6%) with multi-centric Castleman disease. Pathological classification revealed 68 cases (59·6%) of hyaline vascular variant, 16 (14·1%) mixed cellular variant (Mix) and 30 (26·3%) plasmacytic variant. Clinical complications occurred in 69 CD patients, including 37 cases of paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) and 25 cases with renal complications. Haematological involvement, pleural effusion and/or ascites and POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes) were also found. Univariate analysis showed that presence of clinical complications and PNP were both risk factors relating to CD patient survival. Prognostic factors showing P < 0·15 in univariate analysis and those with clinical significance were subjected to multivariate analysis using a Cox regression model. PNP presence and age over 40 years both significantly adversely affected survival. Thus, only presence of PNP was identified as an independent unfavourable survival risk factor in both univariate and multivariate analyses. Overall, the present data provide a panoramic description of CD cases and emphasize that the presence of PNP is an adverse prognostic factor. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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    ABSTRACT: Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder presenting with heterogeneous clinical features and with a complex etiology. MCD incidence is increased in people living with HIV/AIDS when it is causally associated with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV). HIV-seronegative individuals present with either idiopathic or KSHV-associated MCD. Central to MCD pathology is altered expression and signaling of IL-6, which promotes B-cell proliferation and causes systemic manifestations. KSHV encodes a viral homolog of human IL-6, accounting for its role in MCD, while recent evidence shows an association between IL-6 receptor polymorphisms and idiopathic MCD. The increased understanding of mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of MCD has guided the use of new monoclonal antibody therapies for treating this complex disorder.
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