MiR-155 modulates TNF-α-inhibited osteogenic differentiation by targeting SOCS1 expression
Department of Prosthodontics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.Bone (Impact Factor: 3.97). 05/2012; 51(3):498-505. DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2012.05.013
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) can induce ectopic bone formation, which is negatively regulated by inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Recently, miR-155 has been reported to regulate the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway and inflammatory responses. However, whether and how miR-155 modulates TNF-α-regulated osteogenic differentiation have not been explored. In this study, we demonstrated that miR-155 was involved in TNF-α-mediated inhibition of osteogenic differentiation. Knockdown of miR-155 partially mitigated the inhibition of TNF-α on BMP-2-induced osteogenic differentiation. Bioinformatic analysis identified the candidate target site in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of SOCS1. Knockdown of miR-155 increased SOCS1 protein expression during TNF-α stimulation in MC3T3-E1 cells. And transfection with miR-155 inhibited the wild-type, but not the mutant, 3'UTR of SOCS1-regulated luciferase activity, indicating that SOCS1 is a direct target of miR-155 in osteoblast cells. Furthermore, miR-155 expression could be induced by TNF-α through the JNK pathway. As the result of increased SOCS1 expression, knockdown of miR-155 significantly reduced the JNK/c-Jun activation. In addition, transfection of SOCS1 siRNA or overexpression of SOCS1 coding region could narrow the differences of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin (OSC) expression between the control and miR-155 inhibitor transfected cells. These data indicated that miR-155 modulates TNF-α-regulated osteogenic differentiation by targeting SOCS1, at least partially through the SAPK/JNK pathway. These findings may provide new insights into understanding the regulatory role of miR-155 in the process of osteogenic differentiation in inflammatory condition.
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ABSTRACT: Purpose of review: It is becoming more and more obvious that epigenetic processes influence the development of rheumatic diseases as strongly as the genetic background. Research on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in rheumatic diseases, and especially in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), has been very active for the past 5 years. Most studies have reported the aberrant expression of miRNAs in the circulation or joint tissues, and the pathogenic role of a few of them has been investigated in the experimental models. Recent findings: As inflammation and joint damage are the main hallmarks of RA, we focused on the three miRNAs, miR-146a, miR-155 and miR-223, whose functions have been studied in both the processes and the pathogenic role investigated in the experimental models. Summary: Focusing on the role of miR-146a, miR-155 and miR-223 in RA pathogenesis emphasizes the intertwined relationships between bone homeostasis and immunity, and the prominent role of monocytes in RA. Studying the miRNAs in RA will shed light on the pathological processes and help in identifying novel drug candidates and biomarkers.Current opinion in rheumatology 01/2013; 25(2). DOI:10.1097/BOR.0b013e32835d8385 · 4.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recently, various micro(mi)RNAs have been found deregulated in the setting of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but their role in the pathogenesis of this disease remains a matter of debate. In the meanwhile, increasing evidence indicates a defective function of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in RA. This review discusses relevant studies addressing the function of Tregs and Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Antigen 4 in RA, provides recent data on the role of miRNAs for Tregs homeostasis, and focuses on the role of miR-155 in Tregs. In a final perspective section we discuss the potential impact of therapeutic miR-155 modulation in RA.Clinical Immunology 03/2013; 148(1):56-65. DOI:10.1016/j.clim.2013.03.010 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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