Long-term clinical outcome of the surgically resected intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct.
ABSTRACT Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a biliary neoplasm with predominant intraductal papillary growth and various degrees of malignant transformation. Although IPNB has been recently added to the WHO classification, the classification system needs refinements.
We retrospectively reviewed 93 non-invasive and invasive IPNB cases, surgically resected from 1996 to 2006. To further characterize their biologic behavior, we modified the WHO classification into a 4-tier category system in which non-invasive IPNB cases with complex fused or cribriform papillae were separately designated. Epithelial types such as intestinal, gastric, pancreatobiliary, and oncocytic type were determined by morphology and mucin core protein immunohistochemistry. Resection margins were classified based on their microscopic appearances. The prognostic values of mucinous histology and MUC1 protein expression were also determined.
IPNB with complex fused or cribriform papillae showed a worse prognosis than IPNB with simple papillae and one such case showed a metachronous metastasis. In addition, a positive surgical margin including dysplasia was associated with worse outcomes. Among the invasive IPNB cases, MUC1-positive tumors were more aggressive than MUC1-negative tumors.
We propose that non-invasive IPNB with complex fused or cribriform papillae might be better classified as mucosa-confined cholangiocarcinoma rather than IPNB with high grade dysplasia. In addition, aggressive further resection is recommended when a positive surgical margin including dysplasia is reported during intraoperative histopathological evaluation.
Article: Intrahepatic biliary papillomatosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A 66-year-old man had intrahepatic biliary papillomatosis. This benign tumor has great growth potential that can present a difficult management problem.Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 12/1979; 103(12):647-9. · 2.78 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Endoscopic polypectomy has become the preferred technique for the removal of most colorectal adenomas. Whether polypectomy alone or segmental colectomy is the appropriate management of the patient whose adenoma contains carcinoma is a controversial issue. We studied 129 colorectal carcinomas that arose in adenomas and in which invasion was no deeper than the submucosa of the underlying colonic wall. The following factors were evaluated: location; gross appearance (sessile versus pedunculated); histologic type of adenoma (tubular, villous, mixed); grade of carcinoma; level of invasion (0--carcinoma confined to the mucosa, 1--head, 2--neck, 3--stalk, 4--submucosa of underlying colonic wall); vascular invasion; and adequacy of excisional margins. Patients were divided into two groups with respect to outcome: adverse (dead from colorectal carcinoma, alive with colorectal carcinoma or positive nodes on colectomy), and favorable (absence of above). Sixty-three patients were treated by polypectomy alone and 66 by colectomy (21 preceded by polypectomy); there were no operative deaths. Mean follow-up was 81 mo. None of 65 patients with carcinoma confined to the mucosa had an adverse outcome, but 8 of 64 patients with invasive carcinoma did. Level 4 invasion (p less than 0.001) and rectal location (p = 0.025) were the only statistically significant adverse prognostic factors. Seven of 28 level 4 lesions and six of 42 rectal lesions had an adverse outcome; level 4 lesions were overrepresented in the rectum (14 of 42; p = 0.032). We conclude that the level of invasion should be the major factor in determining prognosis for the management of carcinoma arising in an adenoma.Gastroenterology 09/1985; 89(2):328-36. · 12.82 Impact Factor
- The American Journal of Gastroenterology 01/1995; 89(12):2253-5. · 7.55 Impact Factor