[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prototypic bullous skin diseases, pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigus foliaceus, and bullous pemphigoid, are characterized by the blister formation in the skin and/or oral mucosa in combination with circulating and deposited autoantibodies reactive with (hemi)desmosomes. Koch's postulates, adapted for autoimmune diseases, were applied on these skin diseases. It appears that all adapted Koch's postulates are fulfilled, and, therefore, these bullous skin diseases are to be considered classical autoimmune diseases within the wide and expanding spectrum of autoimmune diseases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pemphigus is a group of immune-mediated bullous disorders, which often cause fragile blisters and extensive lesions of the skin or mucous membranes, such as in the mouth. This disease could be life-threatening in some cases. During pregnancy, its condition will become more complicated due to the change in the mother's hormone level and the effect of drug therapy on both the mother and her fetus. Thus, it will be more difficult to identify the clinical manifestations and to establish the treatment plan. In this article, we present a comprehensive review of pemphigus and pregnancy by analyzing 47 cases of pemphigus reported between 1966 and 2014, with diagnosis before or during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to make a comprehensive review of pemphigus and pregnancy, provide organized and reliable information for obstetricians, dermatologists, physicians, and oral medicine specialists.
Saudi medical journal 09/2015; 36(9):1033-1038. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.9.12270 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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