Comparative study of the value of dual tracer PET/CT in evaluating breast cancer.
ABSTRACT The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between tumor uptake and pathologic findings using dual-tracer PET/computed tomography (CT) in patients with breast cancer. Seventy-four patients with breast cancer (mean age 54 years) who underwent (11)C-choline and 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) PET/CT prior to surgery on the same day were enrolled in the present study. Images were reviewed by a board-certified radiologist and two nuclear medicine specialists who were unaware of any clinical information and a consensus was reached. Uptake patterns and measurements of dual tracers were compared with the pathologic findings of resected specimens as the reference standard. Mean (±SD) tumor size was 5.9 ± 3.2 cm. All primary tumors were identified on (18)F-FDG PET/CT and (11)C-choline PET/CT. However, (18)F-FDG PET/CT demonstrated focal uptake of the primary tumor with (n = 38; 51%) or without (n = 36; 49%) diffuse background breast uptake. Of the pathologic findings, multiple logistic regression analysis revealed an independent association between fibrocystic change and diffuse background breast uptake (odds ratio [OR] 8.57; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.86-25.66; P < 0.0001). Tumors with higher histologic grade, nuclear grade, structural grade, nuclear atypia, and mitosis had significantly higher maximum standardized uptake values (SUV(max)) and tumor-to-background ratios (TBR) for both tracers. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that only the degree of mitosis was independently associated with a high SUV(max) (OR 7.45; 95%CI 2.21-25.11; P = 0.001) and a high TBR (OR 5.41; 95%CI 1.13-25.96; P = 0.035) of (11)C-choline PET/CT. In conclusion, (11)C-choline may improve tumor delineation and reflect tumor aggressiveness on PET/CT in patients with breast cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is a heterogenic cancer being characterized by a variability of somatic mutations and in particular by different receptor expressions, such as estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal receptor. These phenotype characteristics play a crucial role in determining tumour response to various chemotherapies and other treatments and in the development of resistance to therapies. Positron emission tomography (PET) as a nuclear medicine technique, has recently demonstrated the advantages in determining the severity of disease and in evaluating the efficacy of treatments in a variety of neoplasm, including breast cancer. Because this procedure is able to pinpoint molecular activity within the body, it offers the potential to identify disease in its earliest stages as well as a patient's immediate response to therapeutic interventions in a non-invasive way. In this paper we performed an extended view about the correlation between molecular factors of breast cancer and PET tracers; in particular, we focalized our attention on their possible advantages in terms of 1) early detection of primary or recurrent cancer; 2) as a guide for target therapies and 3) for the evaluation of response to specific and now-available molecular treatments.Nuclear Medicine and Biology 04/2013; · 3.02 Impact Factor