Influence of Various Plasma Treatment on the Properties of Carbon Nanotubes for Composite Applications
ABSTRACT In present work, the effects of hydrogen and oxygen plasma treatments on the structural properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) synthesized by catalytic CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) have been systematically investigated. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the microstructural changes of the CNTs. The oxygen plasma treatment resulted in that the nanoparticles were appeared at the surface of CNTs. At high r.f. power (300 Watt), the microstructure of CNT was changed from nanotube type to nano particles. Long plasma treatment time changed the CNT morphology dramatically. For hydrogen plasma, however, there was no change in microstructure of CNT From the Raman analysis, the crystallinity of CNT was deteriorated by the plasma treatment, regardless of plasma power, treatment time, and gas types. The CNTs treated in oxygen plasma for 90 min showed excellent dispersion properties in aqueous solution.
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ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the recent research and application of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Raman spectroscopy techniques, which are considered the multi-functional and powerful toolkits for probing the nanostructural, biomechanical and physicochemical properties of biomedical samples in medical science. We introduce briefly the basic principles of AFM and Raman spectroscopy, followed by diagnostic assessments of some selected diseases in biomedical applications using them, including mitochondria isolated from normal and ischemic hearts, hair fibers, individual cells, and human cortical bone. Finally, AFM and Raman spectroscopy applications to investigate the effects of pharmacotherapy, surgery, and medical device therapy in various medicines from cells to soft and hard tissues are discussed, including pharmacotherapy--paclitaxel on Ishikawa and HeLa cells, telmisartan on angiotensin II, mitomycin C on strabismus surgery and eye whitening surgery, and fluoride on primary teeth--and medical device therapy--collagen cross-linking treatment for the management of progressive keratoconus, radiofrequency treatment for skin rejuvenation, physical extracorporeal shockwave therapy for healing of Achilles tendinitis, orthodontic treatment, and toothbrushing time to minimize the loss of teeth after exposure to acidic drinks.Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 01/2014; 14(1):71-97. DOI:10.1166/jnn.2014.9112 · 1.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The theoretical investigations on the effect of different plasmas on the growth and field emission properties of a spherical carbon nanotube (CNT) tip placed over cylindrical CNT surfaces have been carried out for the typical glow discharge plasma parameters. Different plasmas such as H2, Ar, CH4 and CF4 have been considered, and the growth of the CNT in the presence of various plasmas has been estimated in the present investigation. This study suggests that the field emission from the CNT grown in the presence of the H2 plasma is largest. It is also found that amongst the plasmas considered, the CF4 plasma is the most favourable for the growth of the large radius CNT, since the radius achieved in the CF4 plasma is the largest.Journal of Plasma Physics 10/2013; 79(05). DOI:10.1017/S0022377813000731 · 0.74 Impact Factor