Article

[Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium infections in the emergency department.]

Laboratoire de bactériologie, hôpital Arnaud-de-Villeneuve, CHRU de Montpellier, 371, avenue du Doyen-Gaston-Giraud, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France.
Pathologie Biologie (Impact Factor: 1.07). 05/2012; 61(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.patbio.2012.04.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) in patients under 31years of age admitted to the emergency department of the University Hospital of Montpellier, for which a urinalysis was performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: CT, NG and MG specific real-time PCRs were performed in the urine samples from 301 patients between July 2010 and January 2011. RESULTS: CT DNA was detected in 11% of patients, NG DNA in 3.7% of patients and MG DNA in one patient. Seventy-five percent of male patients and only 13% of women were diagnosed with sexually transmitted infection (STI). No patient with leucocyturia below 10(4)/mL had a positive PCR result for one of the three bacteria. Of the patients with leucocyturia greater or equal to 10(4)/mL, CT was detected in 23.4% of men and 11% of women, NG in 19.2% of men and 1% of women, and MG in 2.1% of men. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of NG and CT detection in our population was high while that of MG was low. The diagnosis was facilitated by the use of PCR on the urine sample although this sample is not recommended for the molecular detection of bacterial agents of STIs and may explain the low detection of MG. The study allowed diagnosing STIs in 14.3% of our patient population.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: An increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) has been noted in France over the past decade. Asymptomatic carriage may be high in patients infected with Chlamydia trachomatis attending free and anonymous screening centres (CDAG) and information, diagnosis and screening centres for STI (CIDDIST). In these centres, systematic C. trachomatis detection is recommended in women ≤25 years and in men ≤30 years. Objectives: This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of C. trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients younger than 30 years attending a CDAG-CIDDIST. Material and Methods: A free systematic screening for C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae and M. genitalium was offered to asymptomatic subjects under 30 years attending the Montpellier CDAG-CIDDIST from April to August 2009. Pathogens were identified by PCR in first void urine samples. Results: Of the 1381 subjects included (53.8% women and 46.2% men), 105 (42.9% men and 57.1% women) tested positive for C. trachomatis (7.6%, 95% CI [6.3;9.13]); eight (seven men and one woman) tested positive for M. genitalium (0.58% [0.2;1]) of whom two were infected with C. trachomatis ; five (two men and three women) tested positive for N. gonorrhoeae (0.36% [0.1;0.8]) of whom three were infected with C. trachomatis. Conclusion: This study confirmed the need for C. trachomatis screening in all patients under 30 years. Our results did not support a systematic screening for N. gonorrhoeae and M. genitalium in urine samples in this kind of facility.
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