Use of rocuronium and sugammadex for caesarean delivery in a patient with myasthenia gravis

Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Hôpital de Hautepierre, University of Strasbourg Strasbourg, France.
International journal of obstetric anesthesia (Impact Factor: 1.83). 05/2012; 21(3):286-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijoa.2012.02.006
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Sugammadex is the first clinical representative of a new class of drugs called selective relaxant binding agents. It has revolutionized the way anesthesiologists think about drug reversal. Sugammadex selectively binds rocuronium or vecuronium, thereby reversing their neuromuscular blocking action. Due to its 1:1 binding of rocuronium or vecuronium, it is able to reverse any depth of neuromuscular block. So far, it has been approved for use in adult patients and for pediatric patients over 2 years. Since its approval in Europe, Japan, and Australia, further insight on its use in special patient populations and specific diseases have become available. Due to its pharmacodynamic profile, sugammadex, in combination with rocuronium, may have the potential to displace succinylcholine as the "gold standard" muscle relaxant for rapid sequence induction. The use of rocuronium or vecuronium, with the potential of reverse of their action with sugammadex, seems to be safe in patients with impaired neuromuscular transmission, ie, neuromuscular diseases, including myasthenia gravis. Data from long-term use of sugammadex is not yet available. Evidence suggesting an economic advantage of using sugammadex and justifying its relatively high cost for an anesthesia-related drug, is missing.
    Core Evidence 09/2013; 8:57-67. DOI:10.2147/CE.S35675
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    ABSTRACT: We report on two patients with ocular myasthenia gravis who received rocuronium, followed later by sugammadex to reverse neuromuscular blockade. Recovery was monitored simultaneously at the adductor pollicis muscle (APM) and the corrugator supercilii muscle (CSM). Two patients with ocular myasthenia gravis (case 1: 74 yr-old female, 54 kg; case 2: 71 yr-old male, 72 kg) were scheduled for surgery under general anesthesia. Neuromuscular blockade was induced with rocuronium 0.3 mg·kg(-1) after placing two separate monitors at the APM and the CSM, respectively. Additional doses of rocuronium 0.1-0.2 mg·kg(-1) were given to maintain neuromuscular blockade at fewer than two twitches at the APM during surgery. Train-of-four response at the CSM did not show recovery of the twitch after its initial disappearance. At the end of surgery, sugammadex was administered. Twitch height at the APM recovered to the control value in 12 min (case 1) and 13 min (case 2) after sugammadex administration; however, twitch height at the CSM took 26 min (case 1) and 14 min (case 2) to recover to the control value. After rocuronium-induced paralysis in both patients with ocular myasthenia, spontaneous recovery and sugammadex-assisted recovery were slower at the CSM than at the APM. In patients without the disorder, CSM recovery is faster than APM recovery. Thus, in ocular myasthenia gravis, neuromuscular recovery at the APM may not reflect recovery of all muscles.
    Canadian Anaesthetists? Society Journal 10/2013; 60(12). DOI:10.1007/s12630-013-0042-4 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and severe form of myopathy. Patients with DMD are more sensitive to sedative, anesthetic, and neuromuscular blocking agents which may result in intraoperative and early postoperative cardiovascular and respiratory complications, as well as prolonged recovery from anesthesia. In this case report, we describe a 25-year-old male patient admitted for cholecystectomy under general anesthesia. We induced our anesthesia by oxygen, propofol, fentanyl, and rocuronium bromide. Maintenance was done by fentanyl, rocuronium bromide, sevoflurane, and O2. We report in this case the safety use of sugammadex to antagonize the neuromuscular block and rapid recovery in such category of patients.
    03/2014; 2014:680568. DOI:10.1155/2014/680568