Diffusion tensor imaging shows structural remodeling of stroke mirror region: results from a pilot study.
ABSTRACT The role of the non-injured hemisphere in stroke recovery is poorly understood. In this pilot study, we sought to explore the presence of structural changes detectable by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the contralesional hemispheres of patients who recovered well from ischemic stroke.
We analyzed serial DTI data from 16 stroke patients who had moderate initial neurological deficits (NIHSS scores 3-12) and good functional outcome at 3-6 months (NIHSS score 0 or modified Rankin Score ≤1). We segmented the brain tissue in gray and white matter (GM and WM) and measured the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy in the infarct, in the contralesional infarct mirror region as well as in concentrically expanding regions around them.
We found that GM and WM ADC significantly increased in the infarct region (p < 0.01) from acute to chronic time points, whereas in the infarct mirror region, GM and WM ADC increased (p < 0.01) and WM fractional anisotropy decreased (p < 0.05). No significant changes were detected in other regions.
DTI-based metrics are sensitive to regional structural changes in the contralesional hemisphere during stroke recovery. Prospective studies in larger cohorts with varying levels of recovery are needed to confirm our findings.
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ABSTRACT: Cerebral ischemia manifests widely in patient symptoms. Along with the clinical examination, imaging serves as a powerful tool throughout the course of ischemia-from acute onset to evolution. A thorough understanding of imaging modalities, their strengths and their limitations, is essential for capitalizing on the benefit of this complementary source of information for understanding the mechanism of disease, making therapeutic decisions, and monitoring patient response over time.Neurologic Clinics 02/2014; 32(1):193-209. · 1.34 Impact Factor