Association of Polymorphisms in MCP-1, CCR2, and CCR5 Genes with the Risk and Clinicopathological Characteristics of Prostate Cancer
ABSTRACT The aim of our study was to determine the effect of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2), and CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) gene polymorphisms on the susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics of prostate cancer. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method in 156 histopathologically confirmed prostate cancer patients and 152 healthy subjects. Individuals with AA genotype or at least one A allele of CCR2 V64I gene polymorphism had a higher risk for prostate cancer as compared with those with GG genotype (p=0.010 and p=0.028, respectively). CCR5 Δ32/wt genotype and CCR5 Δ32 allele were also found to be involved in the susceptibility to prostate cancer (p=0.028 and p=0.030, respectively). However, there was no significant association between MCP-1-2518 A/G gene polymorphism and prostate cancer risk. Prostate cancer patients carrying AA genotype or at least one A allele of CCR2 V64I had significantly increased risk for high stage disease (p=0.002 and p=0.039, respectively) and metastasis (p=0.004 and p=0.022, respectively). The CCR2 A allele (64I allele) was significantly associated with high T stage (p=0.001) and metastasis (p=0.005) as compared with CCR2 G allele (64V allele). Our data indicate that gene polymorphism of CCR2 V64I may influence the susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics of prostate cancer and CCR5 Δ32 allele may also be an important risk factor for prostate cancer in Turkish men population.
SourceAvailable from: Bruna Hirata[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Many tumor cells express chemokines and chemokine receptors, and these molecules can affect both tumor progression and anti-tumor immune response. Genetic polymorphisms of some chemokine receptors were found to be closely related to malignant tumors, especially in metastasis process, including breast cancer (BC). Considering this, it was investigated a possible role for CCR2-V64I (C-C chemokine receptor 2) and CCR5-Δ32 (C-C chemokine receptor 5) genetic variants in BC context. Patients were divided into subgroups according to immunohistochemical profile of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression. No significant associations were found in relation to susceptibility (CCR2-V64I: OR 1.32; 95 % CI 0.57-3.06; CCR5-∆32: OR 1.04; 95 % CI 0.60-1.81), clinical outcome (tumor size, lymph nodes commitment and/or distant metastasis, TNM staging and nuclear grade) or therapeutic response (recurrence and survival). However, it was found a significant correlation between CCR2-V64I allelic variant and HER2 immunohistochemical positive samples (p = 0.026). All in all, we demonstrate, for the first time, a positive correlation between CCR2 receptor gene polymorphism and a subgroup of BC related to poor prognosis, which deserves further investigation in larger samples for validation.
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ABSTRACT: During critical illness and sepsis there is severe antioxidant depletion, and this scenario raises the critical ill patient's mortality risk. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) is one of the first endogenous antioxidant defense enzymes, and it works cooperatively with superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) to detoxify free radicals from the cellular environment. Genetic studies are important to understand the complexity of human oxidative stress and how the organism responds to an extreme situation such as critically care conditions. Previous studies with a GPx1 single nucleotide polymorphism (593C>T SNP; rs1050450; protein variant in GPx1: Pro198Leu) showed 593T carriers and 593TT homozygotes present higher risk to develop different diseases. We assessed the relationship of the genotype distribution of GPx1 SNP in critically ill patients with their conditions (organ dysfunction, sepsis, and septic shock) and their outcome. We monitored 626 critically ill patients daily from the ICU (intensive care unit) admission to their discharge from hospital, or death. Our study revealed a significant association between 593TT GPx1 genotype and mortality; the mortality rate was higher in homozygous 593TT GPx1 (N=94) when compared with the group of subjects with genotypes 593CT or 593CC GPx1 (N=532) (52% vs. 38%, P=0.009; OR=1.79; 95% CI=1.13-2.85). Evaluating the subgroup of 293 ICU patients with sepsis, a pooled analysis including two genetic variants GPx1 and SOD2 (47C>T SNP, rs4880; protein variant in MnSOD: Ala-9Val) showed a significant difference in relation to progression to septic shock. The frequency of septic shock among septic patients with 593T GPx1 and 47C SOD2 alleles (N=122) was higher when compared with septic patients carrying other settings of genotypes (N=174) (78% vs. 66%; P=0.028; OR=1.81; 95% CI=1.03-3.18). Accepting the previously reported functional effects of these two SNPs on GPx1 and SOD2 gene expressions and, consequently, on GPx1 and MnSOD enzyme activities, we believe our results may be considered as an important contribution for the understanding of oxidative imbalance during the critical ill. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Cytokine 12/2014; 71(2):312-317. DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2014.10.020 · 2.87 Impact Factor
UHOD - Uluslararasi Hematoloji-Onkoloji Dergisi 12/2013; 23(4):242-249. DOI:10.4999/uhod.12063 · 0.18 Impact Factor