Article

A digit alignment device for kinematic analysis of the thumb and index finger.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, United States.
Gait & posture (Impact Factor: 2.58). 05/2012; 36(3):643-5. DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.04.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Kinematic analysis of the digits using optical motion capture systems relies on defining accurate coordinate systems for the individual segments. Limitations of previous digit kinematic protocols include marker placement errors, marker occlusion and superimposition, and skin movement artifact. The purpose of this study was to develop a protocol utilizing a digit alignment device (DAD) and nail marker clusters to overcome these limitations. Ten subjects underwent 10 static calibration trials for validation. The orientation of the thumb distal phalange relative to the index finger distal phalange was described using Euler angles of pitch(x), yaw(y'), and roll(z''). The digit calibration protocol demonstrated high accuracy (0.5°, 1.9° and 2.2° for x, y', z'') and precision (1.4°, 2.3° and 3.1° for x, y', z''). The developed protocol provided convenient identification of transformations that determine anatomically relevant coordinate systems for the distal phalanges of the digits. The potential of utilizing this protocol as a standardized tool for digit kinematics was demonstrated using a dynamic task of precision pinching.

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    ABSTRACT: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) can adversely affect fine motor control of the hand. Precision pinch between the thumb and index finger requires coordinated movements of these digits for reliable task performance. We examined the impairment upon precision pinch function affected by CTS during digit movement and digit contact. Eleven CTS subjects and 11 able-bodied (ABL) controls donned markers for motion capture of the thumb and index finger during precision pinch movement (PPM). Subjects were instructed to repetitively execute the PPM task, and performance was assessed by range of movement, variability of the movement trajectory, and precision of digit contact. The CTS group demonstrated shorter path-length of digit endpoints and greater variability in inter-pad distance and most joint angles across the PPM movement. Subjects with CTS also showed lack of precision in contact points on the digit-pads and relative orientation of the digits at contact. Carpal tunnel syndrome impairs the ability to perform precision pinch across the movement and at digit-contact. The findings may serve to identify deficits in manual dexterity for functional evaluation of CTS. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 02/2014; · 2.88 Impact Factor

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