Postoperative eye protection after cataract surgery.

National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Singapore, Singapore.
Eye (London, England) (Impact Factor: 1.97). 05/2012; 26(8):1152-3; author reply 1153. DOI: 10.1038/eye.2012.95
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether corneal surgery and the mode of post-surgical treatment influence the distribution of plasminogen, plasmin, angiostatins and alpha(2)-macrogobulin in tear fluid. Subjects underwent either photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), insertion of intra-stromal corneal rings (ICR), or cataract ablation followed by insertion of an intra-ocular lens (IOL). Post-surgical treatment consisted of prophylactic use of antibiotic and anti-inflammatory agents followed either by patching for 24 hours, or covering the wounded cornea with a bandage soft contact lens. Open eye tear fluid (OTF) was obtained prior to surgery and 10 minutes after patch removal or 24 hours after surgery and thereafter with the bandage lens still in place. After centrifugation, supernatants and controls were western blot analyzed using a protocol designed to allow the simultaneous semi- quantitative detection of alpha2-macroglobulin, plasminogen, plasmin, angiostatins and interleukin-8 (IL-8). No obvious differences were apparent in OTF recovered from contralateral control eyes compared to the surgical eyes in individuals who underwent PRK surgery and whose eyes were covered with a bandage contact lens. In contrast, OTF samples recovered 10 minutes after patch removal from all individuals contained elevated levels of alpha2-macroglobulin and a diverse mixture of elevated levels of plasminogen/plasmin, angiostatins and possibly a plasmin-a1-antiplasmin complex. All of these changes were seen, albeit to a lesser extent, in the patched control OTF samples. IL-8 could not be detected in any sample. The composition of the tear film returned to near normal on subsequent sampling 24 hours after patch removal. Patching results in a marked increase in the concentration of various proteins which could modulate inflammation and wound healing.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the incidence of acute-onset (within 6 weeks after surgery) postoperative endophthalmitis and to assess the visual acuity outcomes after treatment over a 10-year period at one institution. This retrospective study reviews all surgical cases performed between January 1, 1984 and December 30, 1994 at the Anne Bates Leach Eye Hospital, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Medical Center, for the occurrence of nosocomial acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis. The overall 10-year incidence of acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis after intraocular surgery was 0.093% (54/58, 123). The incidences of culture-proven acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis by surgical category were as follows: cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens (IOL) (0.082%, 34/41, 654), pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) (0.046%, 3/6557), penetrating keratoplasty (0.178%, 5/2805), secondary IOL placement (0.366%, 5/1367), glaucoma surgeries (0.124%, 4/3233), combined trabeculectomy and cataract surgery (0.114%, 2/1743), and combined penetrating keratoplasty and cataract surgery (0.194%, 1/515). The median visual acuity after endophthalmitis treatment was 20/200. The median visual acuities after endophthalmitis treatment by procedure were as follows: cataract surgery with or without IOL (20/133), PPV (no light perception), penetrating keratoplasty (2/200), secondary IOL implantation (20/40), glaucoma surgery (20/80), and combined trabeculectomy and cataract surgery with or without IOL (20/150). The overall incidence of endophthalmitis after intraocular surgery was 0.093%. The incidence of endophthalmitis was higher after secondary IOL implantation than after cataract extraction (P = 0.008, Fisher's exact test). After treatment, the visual acuity outcomes were worse in the patients who developed endophthalmitis after PPV than after cataract extraction, glaucoma procedures, or secondary IOL implantation (P < 0.05, analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range test). Acuity outcomes after treatment of endophthalmitis were better among the patients with secondary IOL implantation than after penetrating keratoplasty or PPV (P < 0.05, analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range test). The results of this 10-year review from a large teaching center may serve as a source of comparison for other centers and future studies.
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    Eye (London, England) 09/2011; 25(12):1659-60. · 1.97 Impact Factor