Versatile use of submental tissue for reconstruction of perioral soft tissue defects.
ABSTRACT To obtain optimum aesthetic result, perioral soft tissue defects require reconstruction using similar tissue. The submental area has very similar characteristics to perioral soft tissue and consists of thin, pliable tissue with a perfect color match. Therefore, we have used submental tissues for reconstruction of perioral soft tissue defects and application of the techniques, and results are discussed in this article. Between February 2001 and April 2008, 14 perioral soft tissue reconstruction procedures using the submental tissues were performed. The defect was on the upper lip including nasal columella in 5 cases, mentum in 3 cases, and oral commissure including buccal cheek in 6 cases. The techniques that were used included composite graft in 3 cases, local advancement flap in 3 cases, pedicled flap in 5 cases, and free flap in 3 cases. Patients were followed up for 9 months to 5 years. During this period, no major complications were noted, and satisfactory aesthetic results were obtained. All transferred submental tissues survived. In all patients, donor defects were closed primarily except in cases of local advancement flap. The donor-site scar was inconspicuous and well hidden below the mandibular margin and did not restrict neck motion in all patients. In particular, hair restoration on the flap was excellent in male patients. We believe that the submental area can provide useful soft tissue for perioral soft tissue defects because it provides a good color and texture match with perioral skin and can be harvested with minimal donor-site morbidity.
- Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 10/2001; 108(4):968-71. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ideal reconstruction of facial defects should be accomplished by like tissue. The submental artery island flap has the same characteristics as facial tissue, consisting of thin, pliable tissue with a perfect color match. The flap can be manipulated in different configurations employing skin, the platysma, the rim of the mandible, and the anterior belly of the digastric muscle to be utilized in the reconstruction of complex defects. The pedicle of the flap is quite reliable and enables a wide range of applicability. We have used this versatile flap successfully for various defects in 14 patients and our results are presented. Ten of the 14 flaps consisted of the skin and platysma, two flaps also included the anterior belly of the digastric muscle, one flap was elevated with the rim of the mandible, and one flap consisted of skin, the platysma, bone and muscle.Annals of Plastic Surgery 08/1997; 39(1):30-5. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Following excisional surgery for head and neck cancer, most complex defects are reconstructed using microvascular free tissue transfer. These methods offer many advantages; however, they are of increasing complexity with attendant risks of flap loss and donor site problems. The submental artery island flap is a recently described local flap that may be used for reconstruction of the lower and middle thirds of the face and oral cavity, and offers the advantages of simplicity, reliability and excellent cosmesis. We have been using this flap as an alternative to free tissue transfer, and in this paper we present our series of 11 cases, after a review of the recent literature, anatomy and surgical technique. The advantages and limitations of the use of this flap are presented. A consecutive series of 11 patients in which this reconstruction was performed was reviewed retrospectively, and the results studied. Advantages and disadvantages of this reconstructive method were determined to define appropriate indications and contra-indications for its use. We have used this flap in 11 patients for post-excisional soft tissue reconstruction of the head and neck, both as skin and as a mucosal replacement. In all but two patients the results were satisfactory, with excellent cosmesis when used as skin replacement. One patient required secondary debulking and one had complete flap loss. In all, the donor site was satisfactory. The Submenal Artery Island Flap is a useful addition to the reconstructive surgeon's options and has definite advantages over distant flaps in terms of ease of dissection, final cosmetic appearance and donor site appearance.ANZ Journal of Surgery 03/2002; 72(2):121-4. · 1.50 Impact Factor