Comparison of dry-eye disease severity after laser in situ keratomileusis and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy

Laser Suite, Mater Private Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.75). 06/2012; 38(6):1058-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2012.01.028
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the effects of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) on dry-eye disease markers including tear osmolarity, Schirmer testing, and the ocular surface disease index (OSDI).
Laser Suite, Mater Private Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
Prospective controlled cross-sectional observation study.
In a single center, consecutive eyes that had LASIK or LASEK had dry-eye disease markers assessed preoperatively and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively.
In LASIK eyes (n = 50), the mean tear osmolarity was significantly elevated (by 2.8%) at 12 months (P=.009, Student t test). The mean Schirmer test values were not significantly altered postoperatively in either group. The mean OSDI was maximum in LASIK eyes at 3 months (mean follow-up 7.2 months ± 8.2 [SD]) and in LASEK eyes (n = 35) preoperatively (mean follow-up 9.1 ± 9.7 months).
There were no significant differences in dry-eye disease markers or tear osmolarity between LASIK and LASEK patients at any stage after surgery up to 1 year. Although tear osmolarity remains one of the highest predictive tests of dry eye, it is complementary with other diagnostic criteria in the context of dry eye after refractive surgery.

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May 22, 2014