Multidimensional effects of acculturation on English-language neuropsychological test performance among HIV+ Caribbean Latinas/os

a Department of Psychology , Fordham University , New York , NY , USA.
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (Impact Factor: 2.08). 05/2012; 34(8):814-25. DOI: 10.1080/13803395.2012.683856
Source: PubMed


Acculturation has been linked to neuropsychological performance in several ethnic groups. However, research among Latina/o samples has examined primarily Mexicans/Mexican Americans and has not examined Latina/o clinical populations of Caribbean descent. This study examined associations between a multidimensional acculturation measure and neuropsychological performance among 82 HIV+ Caribbean Latina/o adults. Multivariate results showed that US acculturation significantly predicted 11-14% of the variance in global neuropsychological functioning, verbal fluency, and processing speed, whereas Latina/o acculturation predicted 6-8% of the variance in motor and executive function (trend level associations). Both linguistic and nonlinguistic cultural factors had distinct effects on neuropsychological performance.

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