Effect of triclosan-coated sutures on the incidence of surgical wound infection after lower limb revascularization surgery: a randomized controlled trial.
ABSTRACT Surgical wound infection (SWI) is a common complication after peripheral vascular surgery. In a prospective study, triclosan-coated sutures were reported to decrease the incidence of surgical site infection after various surgical procedures. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that use of triclosan-coated sutures decreases the incidence of SWI after lower limb vascular surgery.
This prospective, randomized, multicenter, double-blinded trial was conducted between July 2010 and January 2011 in five hospitals in Finland. We randomly allocated 276 patients undergoing lower limb revascularization surgery to a study (n = 139) or a control (n = 137) group. Surgical wounds in the study group were closed with triclosan-coated suture material, and wounds in the control group were closed with noncoated sutures. The main outcome measure was SWI. A surgical wound complication was considered to be an infection if there were bacteria isolated from the wound or if there were areas of localized redness, heat, swelling, and pain around the wound appearing within 30 days after the operative procedure. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the independent effect of triclosan-coated sutures on the incidence of SWI.
Altogether, 61 (22.1 %) patients developed SWI. SWI occurred in 31 (22.3 %) patients in the study group and in 30 (21.9 %) patients in the control group (odds ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval 0.61-2.01, p = 0.75.)
The use of triclosan-coated sutures does not reduce the incidence of SWI after lower limb vascular surgery.
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ABSTRACT: Wound infections after abdominal surgery are still frequent types of nosocomial infections. Suture materials might serve as a vehicle for mechanical transport of bacteria into the surgical wound. To prevent the contamination of suture material in surgical wounds, triclosan-coated suture materials with antibacterial activity was developed. We here report a prospective randomized pathway controlled trial investigating the effect of triclosan impregnation of polydioxanone sutures used for abdominal wall closure on the rate of surgical-site infections. A total of 856 patients included in this trial underwent a standardized clinical pathway documented abdominal wall closure after abdominal surgery. Patients were randomized to have the fascia closed with either a 2-0 polydioxanone loop or a triclosan impregnated 2-0 polydioxanone loop. The primary outcome was the number of wound infections. Risk factors for poor wound healing were collected prospectively to compare the two groups. When a PDS loop suture for abdominal wall closure was used, 42 (11.3%) patients with wound infections were detected. The number of patients with wound infections decreased significantly to 31 when the PDS plus for abdominal wall closure was used (6.4%, P < .05). Other risk factors for the development of side infections were comparably in the two groups. This clinical pathway facilitated trial shows that triclosan impregnation of a 2-0 polydioxanone closing suture can decrease wound infections in patients having a laparotomy for general and abdominal vascular procedures.Surgery 07/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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- Annals of surgery 11/2013; · 7.90 Impact Factor