Hip fracture management: tailoring care for the older patient.
ABSTRACT Hip fracture is a potentially devastating condition for older adults. Hip fracture leads to pain and immobilization with complications ranging from delirium to functional loss and death. Although a mainstay of treatment is orthopedic repair, a multidisciplinary comanagement approach, including medical specialists and rehabilitation, may maximize patient recovery. Using the case of Mr W, an older man who sustained a fall and hip fracture, we present evidence-based components of care both in the hospital and outpatient settings. Preoperatively, clinicians should correct medical abnormalities and consider the appropriateness, timing, and type of surgical repair in the context of the patient's life expectancy and goals of care. Perioperative care should include prophylaxis with antibiotics, chemoprophylaxis for venous thromboembolism, and correction of major clinical abnormalities prior to surgery. Pain control, delirium, and pressure ulcer prevention are important inpatient care elements. Multidisciplinary models incorporating these care elements can decrease complications during inpatient stay. Rehabilitation strategies should be tailored to patient needs; early mobilization followed by rehabilitation exercises in institutional, home, and group settings should be considered to maximize restoration of locomotive abilities. Attention to care transitions is necessary and treatment for osteoporosis should be considered. The road to recovery for hip fracture patients is long and most patients may not regain their prefracture functional status. Understanding and anticipating issues that may arise in the older patient with hip fracture, while delivering evidence-based care components, is necessary to maximize patient recovery.
- SourceAvailable from: Sandi L Pruitt[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to describe hospital and geographic variation in 30-day risk of surgical complications and death among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and the extent to which patient-, hospital-, and census-tract-level characteristics increased risk of these outcomes. We included patients at least 66 years old with first primary stage I-III CRC from the 2000-2005 National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data linked with 1999-2005 Medicare claims. A multilevel, cross-classified logistic model was used to account for nesting of patients within hospitals and within residential census tracts. Outcomes were risk of complications and death after a complication within 30 days of surgery. Data were analyzed for 35,946 patients undergoing surgery at 1,222 hospitals and residing in 12,187 census tracts; 27.2 % of patients developed complications, and of these 13.4 % died. Risk-adjusted variability in complications across hospitals and census tracts was similar. Variability in mortality was larger than variability in complications, across hospitals and across census tracts. Specific characteristics increased risk of complications (e.g., census-tract-poverty rate, emergency surgery, and being African-American). No hospital characteristics increased complication risk. Specific characteristics increased risk of death (e.g. census-tract-poverty rate, being diagnosed with colon (versus rectal) cancer, and emergency surgery), while hospitals with at least 500 beds showed reduced death risk. Large, unexplained variations exist in mortality after surgical complications in CRC across hospitals and geographic areas. The potential exists for quality improvement efforts targeted at the hospital and/or census-tract levels to prevent complications and augment hospitals' ability to reduce mortality risk.Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lateral compression pelvic Type I fractures in the elderly population are most often low-energy osteoporosis related fractures. Previous literature comparing pelvic fractures in young versus elderly patients called into question the general consideration of these injuries as benign injuries with favorable prognoses; however, the geriatric population older than 80 years is often underrepresented. This article focuses on the mortality and functional outcomes after low-energy pelvic fractures in a population of patients older than 80 years. We prescreened potential subjects in a Level I trauma institution's electronic medical record database between January 1, 2002, and April 30, 2012, to identify isolated lateral compression Type 1 fractures treated nonoperatively in patients older than 80 years. This study was composed of a retrospective review of medical records followed by a prospective survey data collection to examine mechanisms of injury, length of hospital stay, complications, medical comorbidities, ambulatory function, living situation, pain, and 1 year mortality rates. We present a large case series of 85 patients older than 80 years and report a 1-year mortality rate of 20%. We found that patients who were household ambulators or nonfunctional ambulators were five times more likely (24.4% vs. 6.1%) to die within 1 year after injury. Multivariate logistic regression confirmed that the risk of 1-year mortality was significantly higher for household-bound patients compared with community ambulators, independent of sex, smoking, Charlson comorbidity index, or length of hospital stay. This is the first study to demonstrate a difference in 1-year mortality between patients who were community ambulators versus those who were household ambulators or nonfunctional ambulators before injury. With our aging population, these findings have important implications. Maintenance of general conditioning and early mobilization with physical therapy after injury is a key part of geriatric orthopedic rehabilitation. Prognostic and epidemiologic, level IV.The journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 05/2014; 76(5):1306-9.
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ABSTRACT: Hip fractures frequently occur in older persons and severely decrease life expectancy and independence. Several care pathways have been developed to lower the risk of negative outcomes but most pathways are limited to only one aspect of care. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a comprehensive care pathway for older persons with a hip fracture and to conduct a preliminary analysis of its effect.BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 05/2014; 15(1):188. · 1.88 Impact Factor