Hip fracture management: tailoring care for the older patient.
ABSTRACT Hip fracture is a potentially devastating condition for older adults. Hip fracture leads to pain and immobilization with complications ranging from delirium to functional loss and death. Although a mainstay of treatment is orthopedic repair, a multidisciplinary comanagement approach, including medical specialists and rehabilitation, may maximize patient recovery. Using the case of Mr W, an older man who sustained a fall and hip fracture, we present evidence-based components of care both in the hospital and outpatient settings. Preoperatively, clinicians should correct medical abnormalities and consider the appropriateness, timing, and type of surgical repair in the context of the patient's life expectancy and goals of care. Perioperative care should include prophylaxis with antibiotics, chemoprophylaxis for venous thromboembolism, and correction of major clinical abnormalities prior to surgery. Pain control, delirium, and pressure ulcer prevention are important inpatient care elements. Multidisciplinary models incorporating these care elements can decrease complications during inpatient stay. Rehabilitation strategies should be tailored to patient needs; early mobilization followed by rehabilitation exercises in institutional, home, and group settings should be considered to maximize restoration of locomotive abilities. Attention to care transitions is necessary and treatment for osteoporosis should be considered. The road to recovery for hip fracture patients is long and most patients may not regain their prefracture functional status. Understanding and anticipating issues that may arise in the older patient with hip fracture, while delivering evidence-based care components, is necessary to maximize patient recovery.
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ABSTRACT: With a worldwide aging population, the incidence and consequences of geriatric fractures are assuming an increasing importance to health care providers and institutions. Studies have shown that optimal efficient management ensures the best outcome for the patient, at the least cost to the institution. A review of the recent literature was performed to establish the current best evidence ie, gold standard, for geriatric fracture care. Given the complexities of the subject, randomized controlled trials are difficult and confounded by the multiple medical issues of the population being studied. RCT's are best suited to study individual questions, rather than systems of care. Hence, the importance of peer-reviewed models of care, as well as prospective population registries is established in defining what the gold standard of care should be for this vulnerable population.Current Osteoporosis Reports 10/2012;