Electromagnetically induced transparency: the thickness of the vapor column is of the order of a light wavelength

University of Burgundy, Dijon, Bourgogne, France
Journal of the Optical Society of America B (Impact Factor: 1.81). 08/2007; 24(8):1829-1838. DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.24.001829

ABSTRACT Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) effect has been studied using an extremely thin cell (ETC) with the thickness of an Rb vapor column of the order of light wavelength λ(780nm) and varying in the range of 0.5λ–2.5λ . Λ-systems on the D2 line of Rb85 and Rb87 have been studied experimentally. Along with EIT resonance, we study the peculiarities of velocity-selective optical pumping/saturation (VSOP) resonances, which accompany the EIT resonance and, as a rule, are spectrally broader. It is demonstrated that size-conditioned strongly anisotropic contribution of atoms with different velocities in an ETC causes several dramatic differences of the EIT and VSOP resonances formation in the ETC as compared with an ordinary 1–10cm long cell. Particularly, in the case of the ETC, the EIT linewidth and contrast dramatically depend on the coupling laser detuning from the exact atomic transition. A theoretical model taking into account the peculiarities of transmission spectra when L=nλ and L=(2n+1)λ/2 (n is an integer) has been developed. The experimental transmission spectra are well described by the theoretical model developed. The possibility of EIT resonance formation when atomic column thickness is of the order of L=0.5λ and less is theoretically predicted

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    ABSTRACT: Nonlinear magneto-optical resonances have been measured in an extremely thin cell (ETC) for the D1 transition of rubidium in an atomic vapor of natural isotopic composition. All hyperfine transitions of both isotopes have been studied for a wide range of laser power densities, laser detunings, and ETC wall separations. Dark resonances in the laser induced fluorescence (LIF) were observed as expected when the ground-state total angular momentum Fg was greater than or equal to the excited-state total angular momentum Fe. Unlike the case of ordinary cells, the width and contrast of dark resonances formed in the ETC dramatically depended on the detuning of the laser from the exact atomic transition. A theoretical model based on the optical Bloch equations was applied to calculate the shapes of the resonance curves. The model, which had been developed previously for ordinary vapor cells, averaged over the contributions from different atomic velocity groups, considered all neighboring hyperfine transitions, took into account the splitting and mixing of magnetic sublevels in an external magnetic field, and included a detailed treatment of the coherence properties of the laser radiation. Such a theoretical approach had successfully described nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in ordinary vapor cells. However, to describe the resonances in the ETC, key parameters such as the ground-state relaxation rate, excited-state relaxation rate, Doppler width, and Rabi frequency had to be modified significantly in accordance with the ETC's unique features. The level of agreement between the measured and calculated resonance curves achieved for the ETC was similar to what could be accomplished for ordinary cells. However, in the case of the ETC, it was necessary to fine-tune parameters such as the background and the Rabi frequency for different transitions, whereas for the ordinary cells, these parameters were identical for all transitions.
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    ABSTRACT: We observe and investigate, both experimentally and theoretically, electromagnetically-induced transparency experienced by evanescent fields arising due to total internal reflection from an interface of glass and hot rubidium vapor. This phenomenon manifests itself as a non-Lorentzian peak in the reflectivity spectrum, which features a sharp cusp with a sub-natural width of about 1 MHz. The width of the peak is independent of the thickness of the interaction region, which indicates that the main source of decoherence is likely due to collisions with the cell walls rather than diffusion of atoms. With the inclusion of a coherence-preserving wall coating, this system could be used as an ultra-compact frequency reference.
    Optics Express 03/2013; 21(6):6880-8. DOI:10.1364/OE.21.006880 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and enhanced velocity selective optical pumping (VSOP) signals in a micrometric cell with cesium is reported. The line shape and non-linear features observed in the case of fluorescence in the direction parallel to the cell windows and the transmission spectra observed along the propagation direction of the probe beam show considerable differences in the spectral profile. A theoretical model based on five level optical Bloch equations is used to simulate the spectra. The Doppler convolution includes all possible orientations of atomic velocities with respect to the laser beam direction. Atoms moving nearly parallel to the windows and perpendicular to the collinear pump and probe beams have much lower Doppler shift and hence produce considerable narrowing of the Doppler background in the fluorescence spectra. The coherence decay rate is also low for such atoms as they do not meet with the cell walls. The simulated curves reproduce the observed sharp EIT peaks and enhanced broad VSOP signals for the closed probe transition in the fluorescence and absorption spectra. The observed effect of detuning of the pump frequency on the non-linear features is also reproduced by the simulation.
    Journal of Physics B Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 08/2014; 47(17):175004. DOI:10.1088/0953-4075/47/17/175004 · 1.92 Impact Factor

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