Article

Ultra-low level optical detection of mercuric ions using biogenic gold nanotriangles.

Physical & Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, 411 008, India.
The Analyst (Impact Factor: 4.23). 05/2012; 137(13):3083-90. DOI: 10.1039/c2an35162e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mercury is a serious environmental pollutant known to have detrimental health effects in all life forms. Here, we report the use of biologically synthesized aqueous gold nanotriangles for sensitive and selective optical detection of femto-molar levels of mercury ions by exploiting the high amalgamation tendency of mercury metal towards gold. Aqueous chloroaurate ions were reduced using lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) leaf extract at room temperature to form gold nanotriangles. Mercuric (Hg(2+)) ions were reduced in the presence of these triangles to facilitate amalgamation and the optical properties were monitored. We observe a significant change in the longitudinal plasmon absorption band of the nanotriangles even at femto-molar concentrations of mercuric ions. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy confirms changes in particle morphology at such low concentrations. This protocol shows no sensitivity to other environmentally relevant metal ions, including Pb(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+), Fe(2+), Ni(2+), Sr(2+), Ca(2+), Mn(2+), and Cu(2+), confirming further that change in the optical properties of gold nanotriangles in the presence of reduced mercuric ions is solely due to the strong amalgamation tendency of mercury metal.

1 Bookmark
 · 
138 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glutathione (GSH) capped CdTe semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are applied for detecting mercuric ions (Hg(2+)) of trace quantity. The synthesis of GSH-capped CdTe (CdTe@GSH) QDs is cost-efficient and straightforward. We observed that Hg(2+) can quantitatively quench the fluorescence of CdTe@GSH QDs and further induce the slight redshift of emission peaks due to the quantum confinement effect. Detailed studies by spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) demonstrated that the competitive Hg(2+) binding with GSH makes the surface of CdTe QDs exposed, results in gradual aggregation, and quantitatively changes the photophysical properties of QDs. The whole procedure for detecting Hg(2+) by this protocol took less than 10 min. The experimental limit of detection (LOD) of Hg(2+) can be as low as 5 nM using CdTe@GSH with a low concentration (0.5 nM) because of the excellent fluorescent properties of QDs. This strategy may become a promising means to simply detect Hg(2+) in water with high sensitivity.
    The Analyst 04/2013; · 4.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study deals with the preparation of multi-shaped nanoscale gold crystals under synthetically simple, green, and efficient conditions using a seed-mediated growth approach in the presence of hyaluronic acid (HA). These highly biocompatible multi-shaped gold nanocrystals were examined to evaluate their catalytic and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) properties. The results show that the size and shape of the nanocrystals are mainly correlated to the amount of seed, seed size, HA concentration, and reaction temperature. Gold seeds accelerate the reduction of the gold precursor to form gold nanocrystals using HA. The HA serves as a reducing agent and a growth template for the reduction of Au(iii) and nanocrystal stabilization. The multi-shaped gold nanocrystals showed superior catalytic properties and higher SERS performance. The simple, green approach efficiently controls the nanocrystals and creates many opportunities for future applications.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 06/2013; · 3.83 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
89 Downloads
Available from
Jun 10, 2014