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Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: Differentiation of histologic grade with standard- and high-b-value diffusion-weighted MRI.

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Head & Neck (Impact Factor: 2.83). 05/2012; DOI: 10.1002/hed.23008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The correlation between the histologic grades and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) at both standard and high b values to differentiate the histologic grades of HNSCC. METHODS: In all, 54 consecutive patients with HNSCCs (34 well-differentiated, 10 moderately differentiated, and 10 poorly differentiated) performed DW-MRIs at both b = 1000 and 2000 s/mm(2) prior to biopsy or surgery. The ADC values were compared among the different histologic grades. RESULTS: The ADC values of well-differentiated and poorly differentiated HNSCC were significantly different at both b values (p < .001 in both). However, significant difference between moderately differentiated and poorly differentiated HNSCC was revealed at only b = 2000 s/mm(2) (p = .014). CONCLUSIONS: DW-MRIs at standard and high b values are helpful for differentiating histologic grades in HNSCC with better differentiation at a high b-value. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2012.

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