Emergency nurses' perception of department design as an obstacle to providing end-of-life care.
ABSTRACT Of the 119.2 million visits to the emergency department in 2006, it was estimated that about 249,000 visits resulted in the patient dying or being pronounced dead on arrival. In 2 national studies of emergency nurses' perceptions of end-of-life (EOL) care, ED design was identified as a large and frequent obstacle to providing EOL care. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of ED design on EOL care as perceived by emergency nurses and to determine how much input emergency nurses have on the design of their emergency department.
A 25-item questionnaire regarding ED design as it affects EOL care was sent to a national, geographically dispersed, random sample of 500 members of ENA. Inclusion criteria were nurses who could read English, worked in an emergency department, and had cared for at least one patient at the EOL. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the Likert-type and demographic items. Open-ended questions were analyzed using content analysis.
Two mailings yielded 198 usable responses. Nurses did not report that ED design was as large an obstacle to EOL care as previous studies had suggested. Nurses reported that the ED design helped EOL care at a greater rate than it obstructed EOL care. Nurses also believed they had little input into unit design or layout changes. The most common request for design change was private places for family members to grieve. Thirteen nurses also responded with an optional drawing of suggested ED designs.
Overall, nurses reported some dissatisfaction with ED design and believed they had little to no input in unit design improvement. Improvements to EOL care might be achieved if ED design suggestions from emergency nurses were considered by committees that oversee remodeling and construction of emergency departments. Further research is needed to determine the impact of ED design on EOL care in the emergency department.
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ABSTRACT: Although the role of the ED in the management of patients needing palliative care is recognised internationally, there are little Australasian data on this issue. This study aimed to determine the current knowledge and attitude to the provision of palliative care in Australasian EDs. All ED directors in Australasia were invited to complete an online survey about the provision of palliative care in their department. Quantitative data were described using counts and proportions, and qualitative data were summarised thematically. Of 165 eligible ED directors, 35 completed the survey (22%; 95% CI, 15-28%). Only 17/35 (49%; 95% CI, 32-65%) believed that ED provided good palliative care, and 28/35 (80%; 95% CI, 67-93%) were unaware of international gold standard palliative care protocols. Most had access to hospital-based palliative care specialists 27/35 (77%; 95% CI, 63-91%); however, only 5/27 (19%; 95% CI, 4-33%) used them. Few EDs undertake formal training in palliative care 10/35 (29%; 95% CI, 16-45%). Respondents showed concern about the quality of palliative care they provide and advocated for more palliative care training. Although limited by the low response rate, this survey indicates that there is a need and a desire for greater integration of the values and standards of high-quality palliative care in Australasian EDs.Emergency medicine Australasia: EMA 08/2013; 25(4):334-9. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to explore and identify physical design correlates of safety and efficiency in emergency department (ED) operations. This study adopted an exploratory, multimeasure approach to (1) examine the interactions between ED operations and physical design at 4 sites and (2) identify domains of physical design decision-making that potentially influence efficiency and safety. Multidisciplinary gaming and semistructured interviews were conducted with stakeholders at each site. Study data suggest that 16 domains of physical design decisions influence safety, efficiency, or both. These include (1) entrance and patient waiting, (2) traffic management, (3) subwaiting or internal waiting areas, (4) triage, (5) examination/treatment area configuration, (6) examination/treatment area centralization versus decentralization, (7) examination/treatment room standardization, (8) adequate space, (9) nurse work space, (10) physician work space, (11) adjacencies and access, (12) equipment room, (13) psych room, (14) staff de-stressing room, (15) hallway width, and (16) results waiting area. Safety and efficiency from a physical environment perspective in ED design are mutually reinforcing concepts-enhancing efficiency bears positive implications for safety. Furthermore, safety and security emerged as correlated concepts, with security issues bearing implications for safety, thereby suggesting important associations between safety, security, and efficiency.Critical care nursing quarterly 07/2014; 37(3):299-316.