Article

Histological evolution of hepatitis C virus infection after renal transplantation.

Division of Gastroenterology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo.
Clinical Transplantation (Impact Factor: 1.49). 05/2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2012.01635.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: information regarding histological progression of hepatitis C after renal transplant (RTx) is scarce. AIMS: To analyze clinical and laboratory evolution and histological progression of hepatitis C in patients evaluated before and after RTx. METHODS: Twenty-two HCV-infected patients submitted to liver biopsy pre- and post-RTx were included. A semiquantitative analysis of necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis staging was performed and the two biopsies were compared. RESULTS: Patients were mostly men (73%) with mean age of 36 ± 9 yr. Time post-transplant was 4 ± 2 yr and time between biopsies was 5 ± 2 yr. An elevation of alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.041) and aspartate aminotransferase (p = 0.004) levels was observed in the post-transplant period. Fibrosis progression after renal transplantation was observed in 11 (50%) of the patients, and necroinflammatory activity worsening was observed in 7 (32%) of the patients. The histological progression occurred even among those without significant histological lesions in pre-transplant biopsy. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that the practice of indicating treatment in the pre-transplant phase based mainly on histological disease should be revised, because a high proportion of patients present disease progression. Because interferon cannot be used safely after RTx, treatment should be indicated for all ESRD patients with hepatitis C.

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