Enhanced viability of corneal epithelial cells for efficient transport/storage using a structurally modified calcium alginate hydrogel.
ABSTRACT Therapeutic limbal epithelial stem cells could be managed more efficiently if clinically validated batches were transported for 'on-demand' use.
In this study, corneal epithelial cell viability in calcium alginate hydrogels was examined under cell culture, ambient and chilled conditions for up to 7 days.
Cell viability improved as gel internal pore size increased, and was further enhanced with modification of the gel from a mass to a thin disc. Ambient storage conditions were optimal for supporting cell viability in gel discs. Cell viability in gel discs was significantly enhanced with increases in pore size mediated by hydroxyethyl cellulose.
Our novel methodology of controlling alginate gel shape and pore size together provides a more practical and economical alternative to established corneal tissue/cell storage methods.
- SourceAvailable from: Che John Connon[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chemical and biochemical modification of hydrogels is one strategy to create physiological constructs that maintain cell function. The aim of this study was to apply oxidised alginate hydrogels as a basis for development of a biomimetic niche for limbal epithelial stem cells that may be applied to treating corneal dysfunction. The stem phenotype of bovine limbal epithelial cells (LEC) and the viability of corneal epithelial cells (CEC) were examined in oxidised alginate gels containing collagen IV over a 3-day culture period. Oxidation increased cell viability (P ≤ 0.05) and this improved further with addition of collagen IV (P ≤ 0.01). Oxidised gels presented larger internal pores (diameter: 0.2 - 0.8 µm) than unmodified gels (pore diameter: 0.05 - 0.1 µm) and were significantly less stiff (P ≤ 0.001), indicating that an increase in pore size and a decrease in stiffness contributed to improved cell viability. The diffusion of collagen IV from oxidised alginate gels was similar to that of unmodified gels suggesting that oxidation may not affect the retention of extracellular matrix proteins in alginate gels. These data demonstrate that oxidised alginate gels containing corneal extracellular matrix proteins can influence corneal epithelial cell function in a manner that may impact beneficially on corneal wound healing therapy.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 10/2013; · 2.83 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Probiotic bacteria have gained popularity as a defence against disorders of the bowel. However, the acid sensitivity of these cells results in a loss of viability during gastric passage and, consequently, a loss of efficacy. Probiotic treatment can be supplemented using 'prebiotics', which are carbohydrates fermented specifically by probiotic cells in the body. This combination of probiotic and prebiotic is termed a 'synbiotic'. Within this article a multiparticulate dosage form has been developed, consisting of poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microcapsules containing prebiotic Bimuno™ incorporated into an alginate-chitosan matrix containing probiotic Bifidobacterium breve. The aim of this multiparticulate was that, in vivo, the probiotic would be protected against gastric acid and the release of the prebiotic would occur in the distal colon. After microscopic investigation, this synbiotic multiparticulate was shown to control the release of the prebiotic during in vitro gastrointestinal transit, with the release of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) initially occurred over 6h, but with a triphasic release pattern giving further release over 288h. Encapsulation of B. breve in multiparticulates resulted in a survival of 8.0±0.3logCFU/mL cells in acid, an improvement over alginate-chitosan microencapsulation of 1.4logCFU/mL. This was attributed to increased hydrophobicity by the incorporation of PLGA particles.International Journal of Pharmaceutics 03/2014; · 3.99 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of storage temperature on the morphology, viability, cell number and metabolism of cultured human conjunctival epithelial cells (HCjEs). Materials and Methods: Three-day cultured HCjEs were stored at nine different temperatures between 4 °C and 37 °C for four and seven days. Phenotype was assessed by immunofluorescence microscopy, morphology by scanning electron microscopy, viability and cell number by a microplate fluorometer and glucose metabolism by a blood gas analyzer. Results: Cultured cells not subjected to storage expressed the conjunctival cytokeratins 7 and 19 and the proliferation marker proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Cell morphology was best maintained following four-day storage between 12 °C and 28 °C and following 12 °C storage after seven days. Assessed by propidium iodide uptake, the percentage of viable cells after four-day storage was maintained only between 12 °C and 28 °C, whereas it had decreased in all other groups (p < 0.05; n = 4). After seven days this percentage was maintained in the 12 °C group, but it had decreased in all other groups, compared to the control (p < 0.05; n = 4). The total number of cells remaining in the cultures after four-day storage, compared to the control, had declined in all groups (p < 0.05; n = 4), except 12 °C and 20 °C groups. Following seven days this number had decreased in all groups (p < 0.01; n = 4), except 12 °C storage. Four-day storage at 12 °C demonstrated superior preservation of the number of calcein-stained viable cells (p < 0.05) and the least accumulation of ethidium homodimer 1-stained dead cells (p < 0.001), compared to storage at 4 °C and 24 °C (n = 6). The total metabolism of glucose to lactate after four-day storage was higher in the 24 °C group compared to 4 °C and 12 °C groups, as well as the control (p < 0.001; n = 3). Conclusions: Storage at 12 °C appears optimal for preserving the morphology, viability and total cell number in stored HCjE cultures. The superior cell preservation at 12 °C may be related to temperature-associated effects on cell metabolism.Current eye research 04/2014; · 1.51 Impact Factor