[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT:
Abstract We examined the relationship between the “Big-Five” personality factors and levels 12
of mindfulness at baseline, and the predictive value of these personality factors on changes in 13
mindfulness after eight weeks of mindfulness-based training. All participants were followed- 14
up for eight weeks. Sixty-three incarcerated adult males with drug abuse disorders completed 15
self-report assessments of mindfulness, depression, and personality. Four of the five person- 16
ality factors (Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism) were signif- 17
icantly associated with Decentering of mindfulness at baseline. Neuroticism and OPENNESS 18
to Experience were significantly related to Curiosity. There was a significant baseline-to-post- 19
course difference on the Decentering subscale; however, the results unexpectedly contradicted 20
our hypothesis. There were no significant baseline-to-post-course differences on the Curiosity 21
subscale. After controlling for post-course depression, none of the Big-Five personality factor 22
traits significantly predicted post-course Curiosity and Decentering. The effects of the Big- 23
Five personality factors on outcomes of mindfulness-based intervention for drug abusers were 24
preliminarily confirmed, but a randomized longitudinal study is required to reconfirm our 25
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11469-014-9533-y · 0.95 Impact Factor
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