An Expanded Self-Medication Hypothesis based on Cognitive-Behavioral Determinants for Heroin Abusers in Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study

American Journal on Addictions (Impact Factor: 1.74). 01/2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2012.00301.x
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We examined the relationship between the “Big-Five” personality factors and levels 12 of mindfulness at baseline, and the predictive value of these personality factors on changes in 13 mindfulness after eight weeks of mindfulness-based training. All participants were followed- 14 up for eight weeks. Sixty-three incarcerated adult males with drug abuse disorders completed 15 self-report assessments of mindfulness, depression, and personality. Four of the five person- 16 ality factors (Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism) were signif- 17 icantly associated with Decentering of mindfulness at baseline. Neuroticism and OPENNESS 18 to Experience were significantly related to Curiosity. There was a significant baseline-to-post- 19 course difference on the Decentering subscale; however, the results unexpectedly contradicted 20 our hypothesis. There were no significant baseline-to-post-course differences on the Curiosity 21 subscale. After controlling for post-course depression, none of the Big-Five personality factor 22 traits significantly predicted post-course Curiosity and Decentering. The effects of the Big- 23 Five personality factors on outcomes of mindfulness-based intervention for drug abusers were 24 preliminarily confirmed, but a randomized longitudinal study is required to reconfirm our 25 findings.
    International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11469-014-9533-y · 0.95 Impact Factor