Management of penetrating cardiac injuries in the Department of surgery, Mohamed Thahar Maamouri Hospital, Tunisia: report of 19 cases.

Department of surgery, Mohamed Thahar Maamouri Hospital, Nabeul, Tunisia.
The Pan African medical journal 01/2012; 11:54.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The goal of this paper is to discuss how to ameliorate the management of penetrating cardiac injuries in general surgery department. An algorithm for the initial assessment of penetrating injuries in cardiac box, based on our own experience, is presented. This was a retrospective study of 19 patients undergoing thoracotomy for penetrating cardiac injuries, managed in the department of general surgery of Nabeul-Tunisia, between 1994 and 2010. The mean age of patients was 25 years old. Sex ratio was 8,5. All patients had cardiac injury resulting from stab wounds inside of the pericardium. 42% of them were critically unstable, 21% had cardiac tamponnade. All these patients were quickly transferred to the operating room without any other investigations. 37% of patients were hemodynamically stable and underwent additional investigations. The management of penetrating cardiac injuries is possible in a general surgery department, but it requires a rapid prehospital transfer, a yet thorough physical examination along with efficient surgical management, all done in minimal time.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Penetrating cardiac injuries are one of the leading causes of death from urban violence. This is a prospective, 1-year study in a Level I Trauma Center with the objective of analyzing: (1) the parameters measuring the physiologic condition of patients sustaining penetrating cardiac injuries in the field during transport and on arrival, (2) the cardiovascular-respiratory score (CVRS) component of the trauma score, (3) the mechanism and anatomic site of injury, (4) the presence or absence of tamponade, and (5) the cardiac rhythm as a predictor of outcomes. We attempted to correlate cardiac injury grade (AAST-OIS) with mortality. Our main intervention was thoracotomy for resuscitation and definitive repair of cardiac injury. Main outcomes measures were all parameters measuring the physiologic condition of patients, CVRS, mechanism and anatomic site of injury, operative findings and maneuvers, mortality, and grade of injury. The study consisted of 60 patients sustaining penetrating cardiac injuries, 35 gunshot wound (58%) and 25 stab wounds (42%). The injury severity score (ISS) was > 30 in 22 patients; overall survival was 22 of 60 (36.6%); gunshot wound (GSW) survival, 5 of 35 (14%); and stab wound (SW) survival, 17 of 25 (68%). An emergency department thoracotomy was performed in 37 of 60 (61.7%) with 6 of 37 survivors (16%). CVRS: 96% mortality (25 of 26) when CVRS = 0; 67% mortality (6 of 9) when CVRS = 1-3; and 25% mortality (7 of 25) when CVRS > 4 (p < 0.001). Mechanism of injury, and presence of sinus rhythm when pericardium opened predict outcomes (p < 0.001). Anatomic site of injury and tamponade do not predict outcomes (not significant). AAST-OIS injury grade and mortality: grade IV, 31 of 60 (52%); grade V, 20 of 60 (75%), and grade VI, 6 of 60 (100%). Parameters measuring physiologic condition, CVRS, and mechanism of injury plus initial rhythm are significant predictors of outcomes in penetrating cardiac injuries. The need for aortic crossclamping and the inability to restore an organized rhythm or blood pressure after thoracotomy were also predictors of outcomes. The presence of pericardial tamponade was not.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 01/1998; 186(1):24-34. · 4.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To present our experience with penetrating cardiac injuries. We have retrospectively reviewed the records of 70 victims of penetrating cardiac injuries. A logistic regression has been performed in order to determine the association between death and clinical predictors. Penetrating injuries consisted of 43 stab wounds (61.4%) and 27 (38.6%) gunshot injuries (P=0.72). There were 63 (90%) male and 7 female (10%, P<0.001) victims. The mean age was 27.36+/-11.51, ranging from 3 to 65 years. The overall mortality was 32.9%, 47.8% for gunshot wounds and 52.2% for stab wounds (P=0.266). Eight victims (11.4%) had associated intra-thoracic great vessel injuries and 17 (24.3%) presented associated intra-abdominal organ injuries. The incidence of injured chamber was: right ventricle 37.1%, right atrium 27.1%, left ventricle 25.7%, and left atrium 5.7%. Non-survivors had lower systolic blood pressure (37.50+/-39.18 mmHg) than survivors (79.04+/-41.04 mmHg; P<0.001) upon arrival at the hospital. Thirteen non-survival (56.5%) and 10 (21.3%) survival victims had systolic blood pressure (SBP) <or=50 mmHg (P=0.001). The level of systolic blood pressure (SBP<or=50 mmHg) and consciousness upon arrival at the hospital are predictors of outcome in victims of penetrating cardiac injuries.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 06/2005; 4(3):212-5. · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was planned to evaluate patients with penetrating cardiac injury. Twenty-two patients had cardiac injury among twenty-five patients who had been referred to our hospital with a suspicion of this diagnosis. Data of the patients were retrospectively evaluated. Echocardiography could be performed in 11 patients with stable haemodynamics and pericardial effusion was established in all of them with one false positive result. The patient with false positive result had left internal thoracic artery and venous injury. Cardiac tamponade was seen in 17 (77%) patients. Injury sites were right ventricle 10 (45.5%), left ventricle 7 (31.8%), left ventricle consisting left anterior descending artery 2 (9.1%), right atrium 1 (4.5%) and pericardial injuries and hematoma 2 (9.1%). The mean physiologic index (PI) of the patients was 10.68+/-5.63, penetrating cardiac trauma index was (PCTI) 14.09+/-6.3, penetrating thoracic trauma index (PTTI) was 17+/-8.84 and organ injury scale according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST/OIS) was 3.86+/-1.25. Mortality rate was 27.3% with 6 out of 22 patients. PI, PCTI, PTTI and AAST/OIS scores of the non-survivors were significantly higher than those of the survivors (p<0.05). While there was no difference between survivors and non-survivors regarding the presence of tamponade and the frequency of the associated abdominal injury, left ventricular and left anterior descending artery injuries and associated lung injuries were more common in non-survivors (p<0.05). Non-survivors with penetrating cardiac injury have higher PI, PCTI, PTTI and AAST/OIS scores and they are more severely injured patients comparing to the survivors.
    Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 04/2007; 13(2):135-41. · 0.34 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from