The inositol 5-phosphatase SHIP2 is an effector of RhoA and is involved in cell polarity and migration

Department of Cell Pharmacology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.
Molecular biology of the cell (Impact Factor: 5.98). 05/2012; 23(13):2593-604. DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E11-11-0958
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cell migration is essential for various physiological and pathological processes. Polarization in motile cells requires the coordination of several key signaling molecules, including RhoA small GTPases and phosphoinositides. Although RhoA participates in a front-rear polarization in migrating cells, little is known about the functional interaction between RhoA and lipid turnover. We find here that src-homology 2-containing inositol-5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) interacts with RhoA in a GTP-dependent manner. The association between SHIP2 and RhoA is observed in spreading and migrating U251 glioma cells. The depletion of SHIP2 attenuates cell polarization and migration, which is rescued by wild-type SHIP2 but not by a mutant defective in RhoA binding. In addition, the depletion of SHIP2 impairs the proper localization of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate, which is not restored by a mutant defective in RhoA binding. These results suggest that RhoA associates with SHIP2 to regulate cell polarization and migration.


Available from: Kozo Kaibuchi, Mar 05, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The SH2 containing inositol 5-phosphatase SHIP2 is a member of the mammalian phosphoinositide polyphosphate 5-phosphatase family. It is a multi-domain protein comprising a central catalytic domain, an SH2 domain at its N-terminus, proline rich sequences and SAM domain at its C-terminus. It can dephosphorylate both phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) and can participate in multiple signalling events in response to growth factors such as EGF, FGF or PDGF. Human SHIP2 can be phosphorylated at two major tyrosine residues Tyr986 and Tyr1135. Here, we report two intracellular localizations of pSHIP2(Y1135): pSHIP2(Y1135)-ir localizes at focal adhesions in EGF-stimulated HeLa cells and at the mitotic spindle in HeLa, in GIST882 cells, a human model of gastrointestinal stromal tumors derived cells, and in human astrocytoma 1321N1 cells. pSHIP2(Y1135)-ir is maximal at metaphase. In N1 cells, evidence is provided that the SHIP2 pathway impacts the distribution of mitotic centrosomes, particularly ү-tubulin. Our data reinforce the concept that SHIP2 localization in intact cells is dependent on phosphorylation mechanisms on both Ser/Thr and Tyr residues, i.e. Y1135, in three cancer cell lines.
    Cellular Signalling 02/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.cellsig.2014.02.005 · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway affects the implantation of mouse embryos by regulating the expression of RhoA. The expression of PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated (p-)Akt, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and RhoA in the uterus of mice on day 5 of pregnancy (D5) and in pseudopregnant mice was examined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. A functional analysis of these genes was also performed by the intrauterine injection with the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, on day 2 of pregnancy (D2). The expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt, RhoA at the implantation site were higher than those at the inter-implantation site in the endometrium; however, opposite effects were observed for PTEN expression. The expression levels of the above genes in the pseudopregnant group and in the group injected with the PI3K/Akt inhibitor, LY294002, were markedly lower than those in the pregnant group. Functional experiments revealed that the number of implantation sites had been significantly decreased (P<0.05) following the intrauterine injection of the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, on day 2 of gestation compared with the contralateral injection of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). These results suggest that the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway affects embryo implantation by regulating the expression of RhoA.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 03/2014; 33(5). DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2014.1701 · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The specific interaction of phosphoinositides with proteins is critical for a plethora of cellular processes, including cytoskeleton remodelling, mitogenic signalling, ion channel regulation and membrane traffic. The spatiotemporal restriction of different phosphoinositide species helps to define compartments within the cell, and this is particularly important for membrane trafficking within both the secretory and endocytic pathways. Phosphoinositide homoeostasis is tightly regulated by a large number of inositol kinases and phosphatases, which respectively phosphorylate and dephosphorylate distinct phosphoinositide species. Many of these enzymes have been implicated in regulating membrane trafficking and, accordingly, their dysregulation has been linked to a number of human diseases. In the present review, we focus on the inositol phosphatases, concentrating on their roles in membrane trafficking and the human diseases with which they have been associated.