Effect of culture media on expansion properties of human umbilical cord matrix-derived mesenchymal cells.
ABSTRACT Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been isolated from a number of different tissues, including umbilical cord. Because of the lack of a uniform approach to human umbilical cord matrix-derived mesenchymal (hUCM) cell expansion, we attempted to identify the optimum conditions for the production of a high quantity of hUCM cells by comparing two media.
We compared the ability of Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium/F12 (DMEM/F12) and Alpha Minimum Essential Medium (α-MEM) with Glutamax (GL) (α-MEM/GL) to expand hUCM cells. For this purpose, hUCM cells were cultured in plates containing different culture media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Culture dishes were left undisturbed for 10-14 days to allow propagation of the newly formed hUCM cells. The expansion properties, CD marker expression, differentiation potential, population doubling time (PDT) and cell activity were compared between the two groups.
The hUCM cells harvested from each group were positive for MSC markers, including CD44, CD90 and CD105, while they were negative for the hematopoietic cell surface marker CD34. Differentiation into adipogenic and osteogenic lineages was confirmed for both treatments. Cell activity was higher in the α-MEM/GL group than the DMEM/F12 group. PDT was calculated to be 60 h for the DMEM/F12 group, while for the α-MEM/GL group it was 47 h.
Our data reveal that α-MEM/GL with 10% FBS supports hUCM cell growth more strongly than DMEM/F12 with 10% FBS.
- SourceAvailable from: Constantin Baxevanis[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells defined by multilineage potential, ease to gene modification, and immunosuppressive ability, thus holding promise for tissue engineering, gene therapy, and immunotherapy. They exhibit a unique in vitro expansion capacity, which, however, does not compensate for the very low percentage in their niches given the vast numbers of cells required for the relative studies. Taking into consideration the lack of a uniform approach for MSC isolation and expansion, we attempted in this study, by comparing various culture conditions, to identify the optimal protocol for the large-scale production of MSCs while maintaining their multilineage and immunosuppressive capacities. Our data indicate that, apart from the quality of fetal calf serum, other culture parameters, including basal medium, glucose concentration, stable glutamine, bone marrow mononuclear cell plating density, MSC passaging density, and plastic surface quality, affect the final outcome. Furthermore, the use of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), the most common growth supplement in MSC culture media, greatly increases the proliferation rate but also upregulates HLA-class I and induces low HLA-DR expression. However, not only does this upregulation not elicit significant in vitro allogeneic T cell responses, but also bFGF-cultured MSCs exhibit enhanced in vivo immunosuppressive potential. Besides, addition of bFGF affects MSC multilineage differentiation capacity, favoring differentiation toward the osteogenic lineage and limiting neurogenic potential. In conclusion, in this report we define the optimal culture conditions for the successful isolation and expansion of human MSCs in high numbers for subsequent cellular therapeutic approaches.Stem Cells 03/2006; 24(2):462-71. · 7.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This work analyses the proliferation/differentiation behaviour of human bone marrow cells cultured in alpha-minimum essential medium supplemented with 10% foetal bovine serum (standard medium) and in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA, 50 microg ml(-1)), beta-glycerophosphate (betaGP, 10 mmol) and dexamethasone (Dex, 10 nmol) under selected experimental conditions. Cultures were compared concerning cell morphology, cell growth, ALP activity and ability to form calcium phosphate deposits. Cells growing in the various experimental conditions proliferated gradually with the incubation time and presented high ALP activity. Cultures grown in standard medium and in the presence of either AA or Dex failed to form calcium phosphate deposits. Cultures grown in the presence of betaGP, betaGP + AA and betaGP + AA + Dex, i.e. in the presence of a source of phosphate ions, showed the formation of a mineralised extracellular matrix. The presence of Dex resulted in a significant induction in the ALP activity and ability to form mineral deposits. The behaviour of the various cell cultures is in agreement with previous studies stating a reciprocal and functionally coupled relationship between proliferation and differentiation, i.e. cultures grown in a medium containing betaGP presented a less proliferative but more differentiated osteoblastic cell population, as compared to cultures lacking the mineralisation process.Biomaterials 07/2000; 21(11):1095-102. · 7.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cultures of plastic-adherent cells from bone marrow have attracted interest because of their ability to support growth of hematopoietic stem cells, their multipotentiality for differentiation, and their possible use for cell and gene therapy. Here we found that the cells grew most rapidly when they were initially plated at low densities (1.5 or 3.0 cells/cm(2)) to generate single-cell derived colonies. The cultures displayed a lag phase of about 5 days, a log phase of rapid growth of about 5 days, and then a stationary phase. FACS analysis demonstrated that stationary cultures contained a major population of large and moderately granular cells and a minor population of small and agranular cells here referred to as recycling stem cells or RS-1 cells. During the lag phase, the RS-1 cells gave rise to a new population of small and densely granular cells (RS-2 cells). During the late log phase, the RS-2 cells decreased in number and regenerated the pool of RS-1 cells found in stationary cultures. In repeated passages in which the cells were plated at low density, they were amplified about 10(9)-fold in 6 wk. The cells retained their ability to generate single-cell derived colonies and therefore apparently retained their multipotentiality for differentiation.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2000; 97(7):3213-8. · 9.74 Impact Factor