Theoretical and experimental study of optical second harmonic generation in new chiral thiolates salts

Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 2.03). 11/2006; 330:387 - 393. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphys.2006.09.008

ABSTRACT The second harmonic generation ability of new chiral thiolate salts is investigated. Aromatic thiolate anions ArS− are expected from semi-empirical calculations with PM3 parameterization of the MNDO Hamiltonian to possess higher intrinsic polarizabilities than the parent neutral thiols ArSH. Salts associating (hyper)polarizable aromatic thiolate anions with chiral cations, which ensure the noncentrosymmetry necessary to have second-order nonlinear optical effects have been synthesized. The first hyperpolarizabilities, β, of the salts are measured using hyper-Rayleigh scattering technique. Second harmonic generation powder tests (Kurtz and Perry method) carried out on various salts studied, were positive indicating that these materials crystallize in noncentrosymmetric space groups.

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