Recognition of changes in microvascular and microstructural patterns upon magnifying endoscopy predicted the presence of extranodal gastric MALToma.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastric MALToma is difficult to recognize upon endoscopy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the application of microstructural and microvascular patterns in recognizing gastric MALToma on magnifying endoscopy. METHOD: All patients with diagnosis of gastric MALToma upon histology were recruited. They received magnifying endoscopy to observe for changes in microstructural and microvascular patterns. For patients with H pylori, eradication therapy would be given. For those without, appropriate treatments including gastrectomy or chemotherapy were commenced accordingly. Patients treated with H pylori eradication and non-operative treatments received follow-up magnifying endoscopy, and the same features were observed to predict the response to these treatments. RESULTS: From 2004 to 2007, nine patients presented to with epigastric pain, dyspepsia and belching. All patients were confirmed to have MALToma upon initial biopsy. Five patients had H pylori infection and received eradication. Two patients without H pylori were treated with Laparoscopic total gastrectomy. Two patients had pulmonary metastasis and treated with chemotherapy. Under magnifying endoscopy, all the lesions demonstrated either absence or irregular gastric pits. Moreover, there was consistently appearance of spider-shaped vascular pattern. Five patients with H pylori eradication had follow-up magnifying endoscopy, four of them showed resolution of abnormal vascular pattern and recovery of gastric pits. CONCLUSION: Abnormal spider like vasculature and disappearance of gastric pits are diagnostic features upon magnifying endoscopy for gastric MALToma. These features enhanced the diagnosis and assessment of extent of involvement during primary endoscopy, as well as follow-up surveillance for response to non-operative treatments.
Article: Long-term outcomes of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas after Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are localized primarily in the gastrointestinal tract and are characterized by an indolent nature and favorable outcome with specific therapy. Gastric MALT lymphomas are closely linked to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, for which eradication therapy is recognized as an effective primary treatment for the disease. However, there is little information about long-term outcomes after the therapy. In the present study, we elucidated the long-term outcomes of 74 patients (70 H. pylori-positive and 4 negative cases) followed up by endoscopy at least 12 months after exclusive eradication therapy alone. The median follow-up period was 46 months. When the remission status was estimated at the time point of 12 months post-eradication, the numbers of patients with complete remission (CR), histologically residual disease with macroscopic normalization (hRD), partial remission with more than 50% tumor reduction (PR) or no response (NR) were 56, 12, 2 and 4, respectively. During follow-ups of over 12 months post-eradication, 11 of the 12 hRD cases were belatedly induced to CR but one CR case histologically relapsed into hRD. One of the 2 PR cases eventually turned into hRD 20 months later. Therefore, 66 CR, 3 hRD, 1 PR, and 4 NR cases (including 3 H. pylori-negative) were identified at the last follow-up of the present study. All 74 patients were followed up without any second-line therapies, but none exhibited disease progression. Thus, the long-term outcome of localized gastric MALT lymphoma after H. pylori eradication therapy was favorable. A watch and wait strategy may be a reasonable approach for hRD since the majority might be in the process of turning into delayed CR.The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 02/2008; 214(1):79-87. · 1.24 Impact Factor
Article: Most patients with minimal histological residuals of gastric MALT lymphoma after successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori can be managed safely by a watch and wait strategy: experience from a large international series.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Eradication of Helicobacter pylori is the established initial treatment of stage I MALT (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma. Patients with minimal persisting lymphoma infiltrates after successful eradication of H pylori are considered treatment failures and referred for radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or surgery. To report a watch and wait strategy in such patients. 108 patients were selected from a larger series of patients treated at various European institutions. Their mean age was 51.6 years (25 to 82), and they were all diagnosed as having gastric marginal zone B cell lymphoma of MALT type stage I. After successful H pylori eradication and normalisation of the endoscopic findings, lymphoma infiltrates were still present histologically at 12 months (minimal histological residuals). No oncological treatment was given but the patients had regular follow up with endoscopies and multiple biopsies. Based on a follow up of 42.2 months (2-144), 102 patients (94%) had a favourable disease course. Of these, 35 (32%) went into complete remission. In 67 (62%) the minimal histological residuals remained stable and no changes became evident. Local lymphoma progression was seen in four patients (5%), and one patient developed a high grade lymphoma. Most patients with minimal histological residuals of gastric MALT lymphoma after successful eradication of H pylori had a favourable disease course without oncological treatment. A watch and wait strategy with regular endoscopies and biopsies appears to be safe and may become the approach of choice in this situation. Longer follow up is needed to establish this definitively.Gut 01/2008; 56(12):1685-7. · 10.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma has recently been incorporated into the World Health Organization (WHO) lymphoma classification, termed as extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of MALT-type. In about 90% of cases this lymphoma is associated with H pylori infection which has been clearly shown to play a causative role in lymphomagenesis. Although much knowledge has been gained in defining the clinical features, natural history, pathology, and molecular genetics of the disease in the last decade, the optimal treatment approach for gastric MALT lymphomas, especially locally advanced cases, is still evolving. In this review we focus on data for the therapeutic, stage dependent management of gastric MALT lymphoma. Hence, the role of eradication therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy is critically analyzed. Based on these data, we suggest a therapeutic algorithm that might help to better stratify patients for optimal treatment success.World Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2007; 13(26):3554-66. · 2.47 Impact Factor