Genome sequence of Lactobacillus salivarius SMXD51, a potential probiotic strain isolated from chicken cecum, showing anti-campylobacter activity.
ABSTRACT We report the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus salivarius SMXD51, isolated from the cecum of healthy chickens showing an activity against Campylobacter--the food-borne pathogen that is the most common cause of gastroenteritis in the European Union (EU)--and potentially interesting features for a probiotic strain, explaining our interest in it.
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ABSTRACT: Lactobacillus salivarius is a well-known lactic acid bacterium to which increasing attention has been paid recently for use as probiotics for humans and animals. L. salivarius NIAS840 was first isolated from broiler chicken feces, displaying antimicrobial activities against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Here, we report the genome sequence of L. salivarius NIAS840 (2,046,557 bp) including a small plasmid and two megaplasmids.Journal of bacteriology 10/2011; 193(19):5551-2. · 3.94 Impact Factor
Article: Isolation of Lactobacillus salivarius 1077 (NRRL B-50053) and characterization of its bacteriocin, including the antimicrobial activity spectrum.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lactobacillus salivarius 1077 (NRRL B-50053) was isolated from poultry intestinal materials, and in vitro anti-Campylobacter jejuni activity was demonstrated. The isolate was then used for bacteriocin production and its enrichment. The protein content of the cell-free supernatant from the spent medium was precipitated by ammonium sulfate and dialyzed to produce the crude antimicrobial preparation. A typical bacteriocin-like response of sensitivity to proteolytic enzymes and resistance to lysozyme, lipase, and 100°C was observed with this preparation. The polypeptide was further purified by gel filtration, ion-exchange, and hydrophobic-interaction chromatography. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), Edman degradation, and isoelectrofocusing were used to characterize its 3,454-Da molecular mass, the amino acid sequence of its 37 residue components, and the isoelectric point of pI 9.1 of the bacteriocin. Bacteriocin L-1077 contained the class IIa bacteriocin signature N-terminal sequence YGNGV. MICs of bacteriocin L-1077 against 33 bacterial isolates (both Gram negative and Gram positive) ranged from 0.09 to 1.5 μg/ml. Subsequently, the therapeutic benefit of bacteriocin L-1077 was demonstrated in market-age (40- to 43-day-old) broiler chickens colonized with both C. jejuni and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. Compared with untreated control birds, both C. jejuni and S. Enteritidis counts in colonized ceca were diminished by >4 log(10) and S. Enteritidis counts in both the liver and the spleen of treated birds were reduced by 6 to 8 log(10)/g compared with those in the nontreated control birds. Bacteriocin L-1077 appears to hold promise in controlling C. jejuni/S. Enteritidis among commercial broiler chickens.Applied and environmental microbiology 03/2011; 77(8):2749-54. · 3.69 Impact Factor
Article: Isolation of a Lactobacillus salivarius strain and purification of its bacteriocin, which is inhibitory to Campylobacter jejuni in the chicken gastrointestinal system.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We evaluated anti-Campylobacter jejuni activity among >1,200 isolates of different lactic acid bacteria. Lactobacillus salivarius strain NRRL B-30514 was selected for further study. The cell-free, ammonium sulfate precipitate from the broth culture was termed the crude antimicrobial preparation. Ten microliters of the crude preparation created a zone of C. jejuni growth inhibition, and growth within the zone resumed when the crude preparation was preincubated with proteolytic enzymes. Bacteriocin OR-7, derived from this crude preparation, was further purified using ion-exchange and hydrophobic-interaction chromatography. The determined amino acid sequence was consistent with class IIa bacteriocins. Interestingly, OR-7 had sequence similarity, even in the C-terminal region, to acidocin A, which was previously identified from L. acidophilus and had activity only to gram-positive bacteria, whereas OR-7 had activity to a gram-negative bacterium. Bacteriocin activity was stable following exposure to 90 degrees C for 15 min, also consistent with these types of antibacterial peptides. The purified protein was encapsulated in polyvinylpyrrolidone and added to chicken feed. Ten day-of-hatch chicks were placed in each of nine isolation units; two groups of birds were challenged with each of four C. jejuni isolates (one isolate per unit). At 7 days of age, one group of birds was treated with bacteriocin-emended feed for 3 days, and one group was left untreated. At 10 days of age, the birds were sacrificed and the challenge strain was enumerated from the bird cecal content. Bacteriocin treatment consistently reduced colonization at least one millionfold compared with levels found in the untreated groups. Nonchallenged birds were never colonized by C. jejuni. Bacteriocin from L. salivarius NRRL B-30514 appears potentially very useful to reduce C. jejuni in poultry prior to processing.Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 10/2006; 50(9):3111-6. · 4.84 Impact Factor