Games and Gambling Involvement Among Casino Patrons
ABSTRACT A growing literature is addressing the nature of the relationships among gambling activity, gambling involvement, and gambling-related problems. This research suggests that among the general population, compared to playing any specific game, gambling involvement is a better predictor of gambling-related problems. To date, researchers have not examined these relationships among casino patrons, a population that differs from the general population in a variety of important ways. A survey of 1160 casino patrons at two Las Vegas resort casinos allowed us to determine relationships between the games that patrons played during the 12 months before their casino visit, the games that patrons played during their casino visit, and patrons' self-perceived history of gambling-related problems. Results indicate that playing specific gambling games onsite predicted (i.e., statistically significant odds ratios ranging from .5 to 4.51) self-perceived gambling-related problems. However, after controlling for involvement, operationally defined as the number of games played during the current casino visit and self-reported gambling frequency during the past 12 months, the relationships between games and gambling-related problems disappeared or were attenuated (i.e., odds ratios no longer statistically significant). These results extend the burgeoning literature related to gambling involvement and its relationship to gambling-related problems.
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- "The main analyses focused on a dichotomous comparison of non-problem and problem gamblers (cf. Afifi et al., 2010; Currie, Hodgins, Wang, El-Guebaly, Wynne & Chen, 2006; LaPlante et al., 2013; Orford et al., 2013; Williams & Wood, 2007). Participants with PGSI scores lower than 3 were categorized as “non-problem” gamblers, and those with PGSI scores above 2 were categorized as “problem” gamblers. "
ABSTRACT: Background and aims: The present study tested whether the associations among motivational, cognitive, and personality correlates of problem gambling severity differed across university student gamblers (n = 123) and gamblers in the general adult community (n = 113). Methods: The participants completed a survey that included standardized measures of gambling motivation, gambling related cognitions, and impulsivity. The survey also asked participants to report the forms of gambling in which they engaged to test whether gambling involvement (number of different forms of gambling) was related to problem gambling severity. After completing the survey, participants played roulette online to examine whether betting patterns adhered to the gambler's fallacy. Results: Gambling involvement was significantly related to problem gambling severity for the community sample but not for the student sample. A logistic regression analysis that tested the involvement, motivation, impulsivity and cognitive correlates showed that money motivation and gambling related cognitions were the only significant independent predictors of gambling severity. Adherence to the gambler's fallacy was stronger for students than for the community sample, and was associated with gambling related cognitions. Discussion: The motivational, impulsivity and cognitive, and correlates of problem gambling function similarly in university student gamblers and in gamblers from the general adult community. Interventions for both groups should focus on the financial and cognitive supports of problem gambling.Journal of Behavioural Addictions 03/2014; 3(1):54-64. DOI:10.1556/JBA.3.2014.007 · 1.87 Impact Factor
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- "However, if the goal is to describe more general patterns of gambling behavior to predict gambling-related problems, then it seems to make sense to include both variables that pertain to the activity associated with a single game (e.g., total wagered for fixed odds) and variables that describe activity across multiple games (e.g., number of games played). We have taken this approach in several new studies (Afifi et al., in press; Braverman et al. 2013; LaPlante et al. 2013). "
ABSTRACT: In their review of Internet gambling studies, Auer and Griffiths (Soc Sci Comput Rev 20(3):312-320, 2013) question the validity of using bet size as an indicator of gambling intensity. Instead, Auer and Griffiths suggest using "theoretical loss" as a preferable measure of gambling intensity. This comment identifies problems with their argument and suggests a convergent rather than an exclusionary approach to Internet gambling measures and analysis.Journal of Gambling Behavior 12/2013; 31(2). DOI:10.1007/s10899-013-9428-z · 1.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The opportunity to gamble has undergone rapid expansion with technology allowing for access to gambling products 24 h a day. This increased online availability challenges governments' abilities to restrict access to gambling. Indeed, the ready access to multiple forms of gambling may potentially contribute to impaired control over urges for problem gamblers. The present study considered whether problem gamblers manifested a tendency to engage in multiple forms of gambling and identified forms of gambling which were more strongly related to problem gambling. In reanalyses of two surveys (Sample 1, N = 464, Sample 2, N = 1141), significant relationships accounting for between 11.3 and 13.5 % of the variance were found between the numbers of forms of gambling accessed and degree of problem. Participation in online poker, playing cards and sports wagering were linked to problem gambling. Access to multiple forms of gambling may pose difficulties for the tracking and control of gambling.Journal of Gambling Behavior 07/2012; 29(4). DOI:10.1007/s10899-012-9325-x · 1.28 Impact Factor