DNA origami metallized site specifically to form electrically conductive nanowires.
ABSTRACT DNA origami is a promising tool for use as a template in the design and fabrication of nanoscale structures. The ability to engineer selected staple strands on a DNA origami structure provides a high density of addressable locations across the structure. Here we report a method using site-specific attachment of gold nanoparticles to modified staple strands and subsequent metallization to fabricate conductive wires from DNA origami templates. We have modified DNA origami structures by lengthening each staple strand in select regions with a 10-base nucleotide sequence and have attached DNA-modified gold nanoparticles to the lengthened staple strands via complementary base-pairing. The high density of extended staple strands allowed the gold nanoparticles to pack tightly in the modified regions of the DNA origami, where the measured median gap size between neighboring particles was 4.1 nm. Gold metallization processes were optimized so that the attached gold nanoparticles grew until gaps between particles were filled and uniform continuous nanowires were formed. Finally, electron beam lithography was used to pattern electrodes in order to measure the electrical conductivity of metallized DNA origami, which showed an average resistance of 2.4 kΩ per metallized structure.
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ABSTRACT: The vision for graphene and other two-dimensional electronics is the direct production of nanoelectronic circuits and barrier materials from a single precursor sheet. DNA origami and single-stranded tiles are powerful methods to encode complex shapes within a DNA sequence, but their translation to patterning other nanomaterials has been limited. Here we develop a metallized DNA nanolithography that allows transfer of spatial information to pattern two-dimensional nanomaterials capable of plasma etching. Width, orientation and curvature can be programmed by specific sequence design and transferred, as we demonstrate for graphene. Spatial resolution is limited by distortion of the DNA template upon Au metallization and subsequent etching. The metallized DNA mask allows for plasmonic enhanced Raman spectroscopy of the underlying graphene, providing information on defects, doping and lattice symmetry. This DNA nanolithography enables wafer-scale patterning of two-dimensional electronic materials to create diverse circuit elements, including nanorings, three- and four-membered nanojunctions, and extended nanoribbons.Nature Communications 04/2013; 4:1663. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have developed an approach, which routinely generates ∼10 micron long one dimensional (1D) arrays of DNA origami. Coupled with a sequential assembly method with a very short (∼1 min) reaction time, this extended platform enables the production, in high yield, of 1D arrays of biomolecules or conjugates.Chemical Communications 02/2014; · 6.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent advances in design and fabrication of helical nanostructures based on DNA self-assembly are reviewed. These helical nanostructures are either constructed entirely by DNA or based on DNA guided metal nanoparticles self-assembly. Biophysical properties and optical responses of corresponding helical nanostructures are also discussed.Nanoscale 04/2014; · 6.73 Impact Factor