Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex polygenic inflammatory disease associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. Melanoma inhibitor protein 3 (MIA3) is required for the export of collagen VlI (COL7A1) from the endoplasmic reticulum and it appears to be a tumor suppressor of malignant melanoma. Genome-wide association studies have described an association between MIA3 rs17465637 A/C polymorphisms and coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. Because of that, we assessed the MIA3 rs17465637 polymorphism in 1505 RA Spanish patients stratified according to the presence/absence of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Also, a subgroup of patients without CV events was assessed for the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis using carotid ultrasound to establish carotid intima-media wall thickness and carotid plaques and brachial ultrasonography to determine the presence of endothelial dysfunction by flow-mediated endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilatation. MIA3 rs17465637 allele A showed a trend for association with the presence of carotid plaques (odds ratio 1.56, 95% confidence interval [0.96-2.51]; p=0.07). However, apart from an association of the MIA3 rs17465637 A allele with the risk of CV events in RA patients with dyslipidemia (p=0.018), no other significant associations were found between the presence of MIA3 rs17465637 A allele and the risk of suffering CV events or other surrogate markers of atherosclerosis. In conclusion, our results suggest a potential association of the MIA3 rs17465637 with CV disease in dyslipidemic patients with RA. However, additional studies are required to better establish the role of the MIA3 gene in mechanisms leading to the accelerated atherogenesis observed in RA.
"genomic region (SORT1) was associated with endothelial dysfunction in RA . In addition, we reported an association between MIA3 rs17465637 A allele with the risk of CV events in RA patients with dyslipidemia . The assessment of the potential influence of other polymorphisms in the risk of CV disease in RA, such as CDKN2A and CDKN2B, LDLR, MRPS6, PPAP2B and ADAMST7, among others, is still underway. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex polygenic disease associated with chronic inflammation, accelerated atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. A recent meta-analysis has described the ZC3HC1 rs11556924 polymorphism as one of the most important signals associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) in non-rheumatic Caucasian individuals. In this study we evaluated the potential association of this gene polymorphism with subclinical atherosclerosis assessed by the evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in RA patients.
This study included 502 RA patients from Northern Spain. The ZC3HC1 rs11556924 polymorphism was genotyped with TaqMan single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays (C__31283062_10) in a 7900HT real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system. cIMT was also assessed in these patients by carotid ultrasonography (US) technology.
RA patients carrying the TT genotype had significantly higher cIMT values than those homozygous for the CC genotype (mean ± standard deviation (SD): 0.76 ± 0.18 mm and mean ± SD: 0.71 ± 0.16 mm respectively; P = 0.03) even after adjusting the results for sex, age at the time of US study, follow-up time and traditional CV risk factors (P = 0.04) evidencing that the effect conferred by ZC3HC1 rs11556924 polymorphism is independent of the traditional CV risk factors.
Our results indicate that ZC3HC1 rs11556924 polymorphism is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in RA.
"previously associated with higher plasma total and LDL cholesterol levels and with an increased risk of CVD in general population, seems to increase the risk of endothelial dysfunction also in RA patients without evidence of overt CVD . Another identified polymorphism, MIA3 rs17465637 A/C, enhances the risk of CVD also in RA, although only in case of concomitant dyslipidemia ; MIA3 protein is involved in leukocyte adhesive interactions with vascular endothelium, reduces attachment, and promotes migration of monocytes across the endothelium, thus leading to foam cells and fatty streak appearance with vessel walls . Likewise to general population, acid phosphatase locus 1*C allele is associated with CVD events in RA population; as the authors state, this may result from the major production of the S isoform of low molecular weight phosphotyrosine phosphatase by this allele, which may influence the regulation of energy metabolism and the response to oxidative stress . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the last decades a large amount of evidence linked rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to atherosclerosis. In fact, RA patients have an increased risk of cardiovascular events that is not fully explained by other classic cardiovascular risk factors. RA and atherosclerosis may share several common pathomechanisms and inflammation undoubtedly plays a primary role. The proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-6, involved in the pathogenesis of RA, are also independently predictive of subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). In RA, inflammation alters HDL constituents and the concentration of LDL and HDL, thus facilitating atherosclerosis and CVD events. On the other hand, also the increase of oxidative processes, frequently observed in RA, induces atherosclerosis. Interestingly, some genetic polymorphisms associated with RA occurrence enhance atherosclerosis, however, other polymorphisms associated with RA susceptibility do not increase CVD risk. Several other mechanisms may influence atherosclerotic processes in RA. Moreover, atherosclerosis may be directly mediated also by underlying autoimmune processes, and indirectly by the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and impaired physical activity. Finally, the effects of RA therapies on cardiovascular system in general and on atherosclerosis in particular are really wide and different. However, the starting point of every RA treatment is that disease control, or better remission, is the best way we have for the reduction of CVD occurrence.
Mediators of Inflammation 09/2012; 2012(0962-9351):147354. DOI:10.1155/2012/147354 · 3.24 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic polygenic inflammatory disease associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this study, we evaluated the potential association of 9p21.3 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) - previously linked to coronary artery disease - and CVD risk in 2001 Spanish RA patients genotyped for 9p21.3 SNPs using TaqMan™ assays. Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and presence of carotid plaques were also analyzed. Cox regression model did not disclose significant differences between patients who experienced CVD and those who did not. Neither association was found between cIMT or carotid plaques and SNPs allele distribution. In conclusion, results do not support a role of rs10116277 or rs1537375 SNPs in CVD risk in Spanish RA patients.
G Caimi, R Lo Presti, B Canino, E Ferrera, E Hopps
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