Search for gravitational waves from binary black hole inspirals in LIGO data

prd 09/2005; 73:062001. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.062001
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    ABSTRACT: Massive black hole binaries (MBHBs) are unavoidable outcomes of the hierarchical structure formation process, and according to the theory of general relativity are expected to be the loudest gravitational wave (GW) sources in the Universe. In this article I provide a broad overview of MBHBs as GW sources. After reviewing the basics of GW emission from binary systems and of MBHB formation, evolution and dynamics, I describe in some details the connection between binary properties and the emitted gravitational waveform. Direct GW observations will provide an unprecedented wealth of information about the physical nature and the astrophysical properties of these extreme objects, allowing to reconstruct their cosmic history, dynamics and coupling with their dense stellar and gas environment. In this context I describe ongoing and future efforts to make a direct detection with space based interferometry and pulsar timing arrays, highlighting the invaluable scientific payouts of such enterprises.
    Classical and Quantum Gravity 07/2013; · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Significant progress has been made in recent years on the development of gravitational wave detectors. Sources such as coalescing compact binary systems, neutron stars in low-mass X-ray binaries, stellar collapses and pulsars are all possible candidates for detection. The most promising design of gravitational wave detector uses test masses a long distance apart and freely suspended as pendulums on Earth or in drag-free craft in space. The main theme of this review is a discussion of the mechanical and optical principles used in the various long baseline systems in operation around the world - LIGO (USA), Virgo (Italy/France), TAMA300 and LCGT (Japan), and GEO600 (Germany/U.K.) - and in LISA, a proposed space-borne interferometer. A review of recent science runs from the current generation of ground-based detectors will be discussed, in addition to highlighting the astrophysical results gained thus far. Looking to the future, the major upgrades to LIGO (Advanced LIGO), Virgo (Advanced Virgo), LCGT and GEO600 (GEO-HF) will be completed over the coming years, which will create a network of detectors with significantly improved sensitivity required to detect gravitational waves. Beyond this, the concept and design of possible future "third generation" gravitational wave detectors, such as the Einstein Telescope (ET), will be discussed.
    Living Reviews in Relativity 02/2011; · 22.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rapidly spinning neutron stars in our Galactic neighborhood are promising sources of quasi-monochromatic continuous gravitational waves observable by the current LIGO detectors. I describe a search done on the LIGO S5 data, looking for an isolated neutron star hypothesized to be at a distance of about 100 parsecs. This kind of search is computationally bound and is made possible by the implementation of barycentric resampling, which is described here as well. I also describe the work done at the Hanford LIGO site, while taking data for the Astrowatch program.


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