Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Incidence in the United States Does Not Vary with Season or Temperature
ABSTRACT Previous studies have suggested seasonal variations in rates of spontaneous rupture of intracranial aneurysms, leading to potentially devastating SAH. In an effort to identify a seasonal effect, variation in SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were examined as they relate to admission month, temperature, and climate using HCUP's Nationwide Inpatient Sample.
Cases of nontraumatic SAH and subsequent in-hospital mortality were extracted from the 2001-2008 NIS and associated with month of occurrence, local average monthly temperatures, and USDA climate zone. Multivariate regression analysis was used to study how admission month, temperature, and climate affected SAH admission and mortality rates.
Among 57,663,486 hospital admissions from the 2001-2008 NIS, 52,379 cases of spontaneous SAH (ICD-9-CM 430) and 13,272 cases of subsequent in-hospital mortality were identified. SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were not significantly correlated with a monthly/seasonal effect (incidence, χ(2) = 2.94, P = .99; mortality, χ(2) = 6.91, P = .81). However, SAH incidence significantly varied with climate (P < .0001, zones 11 and 7) but not with temperature (P = .1453), whereas average monthly temperature and climate had no significant correlation with in-hospital mortality (temperature, P = .3005; climate, P = .0863).
We identified no significant monthly or temperature-related effect in the incidence of SAH. Our data suggest that certain climate zones within the United States may be associated with significantly different SAH incidence, but the origins of these differences remain unclear and are probably unrelated to meteorologic variables.
SourceAvailable from: Chao Wen Chen[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a critical illness that may result in patient mortality or morbidity. In this study, we investigated the outcomes of patients treated in medical center and nonmedical center hospitals and the relationship between such outcomes and hospital and surgeon volume. Patient data were abstracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan in the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, which contains all claims data of 1 million beneficiaries randomly selected in 2000. The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, subarachnoid hemorrhage (430) was used for the inclusion criteria. We identified 355 patients between 11 and 87 years of age who had subarachnoid hemorrhage. Among them, 32.4% (115/355) were men. The median Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score was 1.3 (SD ± 0.6). Unadjusted logistic regression analysis demonstrated that low mortality was associated with high hospital volume (OR = 3.21; 95% CI: 1.18-8.77). In this study, we found no statistical significances of mortality, LOS, and total charges between medical centers and nonmedical center hospitals. Patient mortality was associated with hospital volume. Nonmedical center hospitals could achieve resource use and outcomes similar to those of medical centers with sufficient volume.BioMed Research International 07/2014; 2014:927803. DOI:10.1155/2014/927803
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ABSTRACT: Prior research has suggested that regional weather patterns impact the risk of rupture of cerebral aneurysms, but the findings in the literature have been inconsistent. Furthermore, no nationwide analysis to date has examined the association between meteorological factors and the post-procedural outcomes of patients after the treatment for ruptured cerebral aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to use a nationwide sample to analyze the association between specific meteorological parameters-temperature, precipitation, sunlight, and humidity-and hospital admission rate for and outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Patients were identified using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2001-2010): Those with an ICD-9 diagnosis code for subarachnoid hemorrhage and a procedural code for aneurysm repair were included. Climate data were obtained from the State of the Climate Report 2010 released by the National Climatic Data Center. Multivariate regression models were constructed to analyze the association between average state monthly temperature, precipitation, and percent possible sunlight, as well as relative morning humidity and both monthly hospital admission rate, adjusted for annual state population in millions, and in-hospital mortality. 16,970 admissions were included from 723 hospitals across 41 states. Decreased daily sunlight and lower relative humidity were associated with an increased rate of admission for ruptured cerebral aneurysms (p<0.001), but had no association with differential inpatient mortality. No significant changes in these observed associations were seen when multivariate analyses were constructed. This is the first nationwide study to suggest that decreased sunlight and lower relative humidity are associated with admission for ruptured cerebral aneurysms. While it has been postulated that external atmospheric factors may cause hormonal and homeostatic changes that impact the risk of rupture of cerebral aneurysms, additional research is needed to confirm and further understand these relationships.PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e112961. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0112961
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether seasonal and monthly variations in stroke incidence exist and whether they are related to meteorologic and air pollution parameters under similar weather and environmental conditions in selected areas of Seongdong district, Seoul, South Korea. From January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2013, 3001 consecutive stroke events were registered in residents of selected areas of Seongdong district, Seoul, South Korea. The authors calculated the stroke attack rate per 100 000 people per month and the relative risk of stroke incidence associated with meteorologic and air pollution parameters. We also analyzed odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval for seasonal and monthly stroke incidence. The incidence of stroke in September was significantly higher (odds ratio, 1.233; 95% confidence interval, 1.042-1.468) compared with January. The seasonal ischemic stroke incidence in summer (odds ratio, 1.183; 95% confidence interval, 1.056-1.345) was significantly higher than in winter, whereas the seasonal incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage relative to winter was not significant. The mean temperature was positively correlated with ischemic stroke (relative risk, 1.006; P=0.003), and nitrogen dioxide (relative risk, 1.262; P=0.001) showed a strong positive correlation with intracerebral hemorrhage incidence among the older age group. We demonstrated distinct patterns of seasonal and monthly variation in the incidence of stroke and its subtypes through consideration of the meteorologic and air pollution parameters. We therefore expect that these findings may enhance our understanding of the relationships between stroke and weather and pollutants. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.Stroke 02/2015; DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.007950