(18)F-FDG PET and PET/CT have shown clinical usefulness in the initial staging and follow-up of patients with salivary malignancy. Therefore, we evaluated the utility of (18)F-FDG PET in preoperative staging, determining the extent of neck node involvement, and surgical planning for patients with salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) of the major salivary gland.
We evaluated 18 patients with SDC who were assessed by (18)F-FDG PET and CT before surgery. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and predictive values of CT and PET/CT for predicting the primary tumor site and determining the extent of neck node involvement at each dissected neck level were evaluated by comparing imaging findings with pathologic nodal stage.
The median maximum standardized uptake value of the primary lesions and cervical nodes were 4.7 (range, 1.8-12.1) and 5.8 (range, 1.7-13.0), respectively. The sensitivities of (18)F-FDG PET and CT for predicting the primary tumor site were 100% (18/18) and 94.4% (17/18), respectively. In analyzing cervical lymph nodes at 73 dissected neck levels, (18)F-FDG PET had a sensitivity of 76.1%, a specificity of 96.3%, a positive predictive value of 97.2%, and a negative predictive value of 70.3%; the corresponding values for CT were 39.1%, 92.6%, 90.0%, and 47.2%, respectively. The sensitivity and negative predictive value were significantly higher for (18)F-FDG PET than for CT (P < 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively).(18)F-FDG PET determination of the extent of neck node involvement changed the neck dissection regimen in 5 patients (27.8%).
SDC of the major salivary gland is a highly metabolic tumor with high (18)F-FDG uptake. (18)F-FDG PET is useful for evaluating neck node status and for determining surgical planning in patients with major salivary gland SDC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in staging and restaging of patients with malignant primary salivary gland tumours.
Data pertaining to 30 patients (age: 43.8±16.8 years; male/female: 20/10) with histopathologically proven malignant primary salivary gland tumours who underwent 36 F-FDG PET-CTs were retrospectively analysed. Ten PET-CTs were performed for staging and 26 for restaging. The primary site was the parotid gland in 22 patients, the submandibular gland in seven and the minor salivary gland in one patient. (18)F-FDG PET-CT images were revaluated by two nuclear medicine physicians in consensus. Findings were grouped into local disease, nodal disease and distant metastasis. Results were compared with those of conventional imaging modalities [CIM (CT/ultrasound/bone scintigraphy)] when available (n=28). Clinical or imaging follow-up (minimum 6 months) data along with histopathological information (when available) were taken as the reference standard.
Overall, 25 PET-CTs were positive and 11 were negative for disease. (18)F-FDG PET-CT showed local disease in 21 patients, nodal disease in 17 and distant metastasis in nine (lungs, four; liver, three; bones, four; and thyroid, one). Twenty-three PET-CTs were true positive, nine were true negative, two were false positive and two were false negative. The overall sensitivity of (18)F-FDG PET-CT was 92%, specificity was 82%, positive predictive value was 92%, negative predictive value was 82% and accuracy was 89%. No significant difference was seen in the accuracy of PET-CT between the staging and restaging groups (100 vs. 85%; P=0.468). In patients for whom comparable CIM data were available (n=28), PET-CT did not show any significant advantage over CIM (P=0.012) but was more specific (71 vs. 43%).
(18)F-FDG PET-CT shows high accuracy in staging and restaging of patients with malignant primary salivary gland tumours. It is more specific than CIM for this purpose.
Nuclear Medicine Communications 03/2013; 34(3):211-219. DOI:10.1097/MNM.0b013e32835bc4c4 · 1.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To assess the value of F-18 FDG PET/CT for detecting cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis and recurrence, as well as planning treatment, and to compare the accuracy of PET/CT with conventional imaging studies (CIS) in patients with malignant salivary gland tumor (SGT).
Staging and follow-up PET/CT for SGT were retrospectively reviewed. Enhanced CT and/or MRI of the neck were performed within 1 month of PET/CT. Final diagnosis was based on histology from cervical LN dissection and biopsy or a minimum 6 months of clinical and imaging follow-up. We compared the performance of PET/CT in initial cervical LN staging and recurrence detection with that of CIS.
A total of 184 PET/CT exams of 66 patients were included, and 34 initial staging and 150 surveillance PET/CT exams were performed. The initial cervical LN detection sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 60.9 %, 89.2 %, 84.0 %, 56.0 %, and 91.0 % for visual analysis on PET/CT, 39.1 %, 95.0 %, 84.8 %, 64.3 %, and 87.4 % for semiquantitative analysis on PET/CT, and and 43.5 %, 94.1 %, 84.8 %, 62.5 %, and 88.1 % for CIS. The sensitivity of visual analysis on PET/CT was significantly higher than that of semiquantitative analysis on PET/CT and CIS (p = 0.0009 and 0.0086). In 5 of 34 initial staging patients (14.7 %), the treatment plan was changed from curative surgery to palliative therapy. The performance of follow-up PET/CT showed no significant difference compared with CIS.
PET/CT showed comparable performance with CIS for cervical LNs staging. Initial PET/CT changed treatment plans in 14.7 % of patients. However, PET/CT offered no additional advantage for detecting locoregional recurrence.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed at performing a meta-analysis on the prevalence and risk of malignancy of focal parotid incidental uptake (FPIU) detected by hybrid fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) or (18)F-FDG PET alone. A comprehensive literature search of studies published up to July 2014 was performed. Records reporting at least 5 FPIUs were selected. Pooled prevalence and malignancy risk of FPIU were calculated including 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI). Twelve records were selected for our meta-analysis. Pooled prevalence of FPIU detected by (18)F-FDG PET or PET/CT was 0.6 % (95 % CI 0.4-0.7 %), collecting data of 220 patients with FPIU. Overall, 181 FPIUs underwent further evaluation and 165 FPIUs were pathologically proven. Pooled risk of malignancy was 9.6 % (95 % CI 5.4-14.8 %), 10.9 % (95 % CI 5.8-17.3 %) and 20.4 % (95 % CI 12.3-30 %), considering all FPIUs detected, only those which underwent further evaluation and only those pathologically proven, respectively. Selection bias in the included studies, the heterogeneity among studies and the publication bias are limitations of our meta-analysis. Overall FPIUs are observed in about 1 % of (18)F-FDG PET or PET/CT scans and they are benign in most of the cases. Nevertheless, further evaluation is needed whenever FPIUs are detected by (18)F-FDG-PET or PET/CT to exclude malignant lesions or with possible malignant degeneration. Prospective studies are needed to confirm the findings reported by our meta-analysis.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00405-014-3308-8 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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