From protein interaction networks to novel therapeutic strategies.
ABSTRACT Cellular mechanisms that sustain health or contribute to disease emerge mostly from the complex interplay among various molecular entities. To understand the underlying relationships between genotype, environment and phenotype, one has to consider the intricate and nonsequential interaction patterns formed between the different sets of cellular players. Biological networks capture a variety of molecular interactions and thus provide an excellent opportunity to consider physiological characteristics of individual molecules within their cellular context. In particular, the concept of network biology and its applications contributed largely to recent advances in biomedical research. In this review, we show (i) how biological networks, i.e., protein-protein interaction networks, facilitate the understanding of pathogenic mechanisms that trigger the onset and progression of diseases and (ii) how this knowledge can be translated into effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. In particular, we focus on the impact of network pharmacological concepts that go beyond the classical view on individual drugs and targets aiming for combinational therapies with improved clinical efficacy and reduced safety risks.
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ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. It is the sixth leading cause of death in old age people. Despite recent advances in the field of drug design, the medical treatment for the disease is purely symptomatic and hardly effective. Thus there is a need to understand the molecular mechanism behind the disease in order to improve the drug aspects of the disease. We provided two contributions in the field of proteomics in drug design. First, we have constructed a protein-protein interaction network for Alzheimer's disease reviewed proteins with 1412 interactions predicted among 969 proteins. Second, the disease proteins were given confidence scores to prioritize and then analyzed for their homology nature with respect to paralogs and homologs. The homology persisted with the mouse giving a basis for drug design phase. The method will create a new drug design technique in the field of bioinformatics by linking drug design process with protein-protein interactions via signal pathways. This method can be improvised for other diseases in future.Bioinformation 01/2013; 9(19):968-72. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Metabolism represents the 'sharp end' of systems biology, because changes in metabolite concentrations are necessarily amplified relative to changes in the transcriptome, proteome and enzyme activities, which can be modulated by drugs. To understand such behaviour, we therefore need (and increasingly have) reliable consensus ('community') models of the human metabolic network that include the important transporters. Small molecule 'drug' transporters are in fact metabolite transporters, because drugs bear structural similarities to metabolites known from the network reconstructions and from measurements of the metabolome. Recon2 represents the present state-of-the-art human metabolic network reconstruction; it can predict inter alia: (i) the effects of inborn errors of metabolism; (ii) which metabolites are exometabolites; and (iii) how metabolism varies between tissues and cellular compartments. However, even these qualitative network models are not yet complete. As our understanding improves so do we recognise more clearly the need for a systems (poly)pharmacology.Drug discovery today 07/2013; · 6.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Novel classes of antimicrobials are needed to address the challenge of multidrug-resistant bacteria. Current bacterial drug targets mainly consist of specific proteins or subsets of proteins without regard for either how these targets are integrated in cellular networks or how they may interact with host proteins. However, proteins rarely act in isolation, and the majority of biological processes are dependent on interactions with other proteins. Consequently, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks offer a realm of unexplored potential for next-generation drug targets. In this review, we argue that the architecture of bacterial or host-pathogen protein interactomes can provide invaluable insights for the identification of novel antibacterial drug targets.Current opinion in microbiology 08/2013; · 7.87 Impact Factor