Migraine is the most common neurological disorder worldwide affecting about 12% of the worldwide population. This disorder has been classed into two main types of migraine-with and without aura. While a number of factors can influence the onset of migraine, a major factor is that of genetics. The GABAA gene encodes for the GABAA receptor. Along with other receptors, the GABAA receptor is involved in the mediation of neuronal activities. In this study, a GABRG2 gene (GABAA receptor gamma-2-subunit) SNP (rs211037) was genotyped on a migraine case-control population of 546 (273 affected and an equal number of healthy) individuals. Using specifically designed primers, a high resolution melt (HRM) assay was carried out in the genotyping process. After genotyping, results were compared in the case and control populations. Analysis of results showed no significant differences in the allele frequencies between case and control populations. Similarly no differences were detected for subtypes or for a specific gender of migraine (p>0.05). Although this gene has been previously found to be involved in febrile seizures and there is some co-morbidity between epilepsy and migraine, we decided to investigate this marker for involvement in migraine. The results did not support a role for the tested GABRG2 variant in migraine.
"Also, Chen et al. investigated the role of one SNP in GABRG2 gene located on chromosome 5q31.1-q33.1, but no significant differences in allele frequencies were found . An Australian study  focused on candidate genes in the X-chromosome (GABRE, GABRQ) and their involvement in migraine but no association was found with the SNPs tested. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Migraine is a common neurological episodic disorder with a female-to-male prevalence 3- to 4-fold higher, suggesting a possible X-linked genetic component. Our aims were to assess the role of common variants of gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor (GABAAR) genes, located in the X-chromosome, in migraine susceptibility and the possible interaction between them. An association study with 188 unrelated cases and 286 migraine-free controls age- and ethnic matched was performed. Twenty-three tagging SNPs were selected in three genes (GABRE, GABRA3 and GABRQ). Allelic, genotypic and haplotypic frequencies were compared between cases and controls. We also focused on gene-gene interactions. The AT genotype of rs3810651 of GABRQ gene was associated with an increased risk for migraine (OR: 4.07; 95% CI: 1.71-9.73, p=0.002), while the CT genotype of rs3902802 (OR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.21-0.78, p=0.006) and GA genotype of rs2131190 of GABRA3 gene (OR: 0.53; 95% CI: 0.32-0.88, p=0.013) seem to be protective factors. All associations were found in the female group and maintained significance after Bonferroni correction. We also found three nominal associations in the allelic analyses although there were no significant results in the haplotypic analyses. Strikingly, we found strong interactions between six SNPs encoding for different subunits of GABAAR, all significant after permutation correction. To our knowledge, we show for the first time, the putative involvement of polymorphisms in GABAAR genes in migraine susceptibility and more importantly we unraveled a role for novel gene-gene interactions opening new perspectives for the development of more effective treatments.
PLoS ONE 09/2013; 8(9):e74087. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0074087 · 3.23 Impact Factor
"Due to neurological origin of migraine, some researchers have studied receptors involved in mediation of neuronal activities. Chen et al.  characterized one polymorphism in GABRG2 gene encoding the GABAA receptor gamma-2-subunit (rs211037) on a migraine case–control population of 546 subjects. No significant correlation was found. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The term omics consist of three main areas of molecular biology, such as genomics, proteomics and metabolomics. The omics synergism recognise migraine as an ideal study model, due to its multifactorial nature. In this review, the plainly research data featuring in this complex network are reported and analyzed, as single or multiple factor in pathophysiology of migraine. The future of migraine biomolecular research shall be focused on networking among these different and hierarchical disciplines. We have to look for its Ariadne's tread, in order to see the whole painting of migraine molecular biology.
The Journal of Headache and Pain 07/2013; 14(1):55. DOI:10.1186/1129-2377-14-55 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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